Book title: Anatomy of Corruption in Nigeria: Issues, Challenges and Solutions
Editor: Yusuf O. Ali, S.A.N.
Reviewer: Seyi Shodipo
This book ‘Anatomy of Corruption in Nigeria’ by Yusuf O. Ali, SAN, is a master piece that must be read. I read through from chapter one to the last chapter and could not see a chapter that is not useful to all Nigerians at home and in the Diaspora. The inspiration behind writing this book is superb as all the contributors wield words together to tackle the menace of corruption, which has eaten deep into the fabric of the nation’s social, political, cultural and religious lives which calls for questions on the moral rectitude of the institutions of governance in Nigeria. As the editor and author aptly put it in the preface of the book, “Together, we have set out to answer the questions posed by corruption. We have not only dealt with the subject of corruption in full, we also proceeded to proffer suggestions towards finding solution on how to tackle and eradicate the menace”.
Yusuf Ali, SAN, equally described corruption as hydra-headed monster, which has ravaged our country, Nigeria.
The scholastic endeavour can change the socio-cultural milieu of all Nigerians if all the remedies provided by these contributors can be put into practice. In fact, I am the better for it, when I browse through the book extensively during my study hour.
In the first chapter of the book, Yusuf Ali delves into definition of corruption and its various species like breach of trust, nepotism, influence peddling and so on; and equally states the causes and the historical background of corruption in Nigeria and the way forward on this endemic disease.
In the concluding part of chapter one, I quite agree with the author that the truth seems to remain that however comprehensive law enforcement agencies may be, whatever fear factor law agencies may deploy as weapon in the anti-corruption warfare, the principal weapon against corruption is people with high personal moral standard and a disdain for crass materialism.
Chapter 4 deals with the role of the youth in combating the monster called corruption. This, the author says, the parents and guardians must be role models in all they do.
Chapter 5 of the book deals with the fight against corruption which he looked at from the perspective of sharia law as a model to suppress corruption in Nigeria.
Chapter 6 is a comprehensive examination of the issue of corruption vis-a-vis the role of the Bar and how it can be combated, using the law to forestall sanity in the country, Nigeria.
The two preceding chapters are what the various political parties in Nigeria have done in the fight against corruption in Nigeria by setting up various anti-graft agencies and whether these agencies are independent or not.
Chapters 9 and 11 deal with the challenges of sectional fight against corruption in Nigeria and legislative advocacy to combat corruption.
The final part of the book is a critical thrust on how corruption can be seriously dealt with in Nigeria. This, the writer says, “Concerned patriots must search for ways of taming corruption before it brings the nation to a calamitous disintegration”.
The book, ‘Anatomy of Corruption in Nigeria’ is a critical view of the author on corruption, an issue that must be tackled headlong if we are as a nation. The book does not only discuss the problems, it also to proffer some solutions and recommendations, which if some are strictly adhered to, will make Nigeria better than we have met it.
In conclusion, this scholastic endeavor, ‘Anatomy of Corruption in Nigeria’, by Yusuf Ali, must not be judged by its cover as its thematic concern is a serious discourse that must not be toyed with looking at the state of things in this nation.
Yusuf Ali is seen here taking a cursory look at his environment and thought that one of the ways to checkmate corruption in Nigeria is by putting pen to paper and discuss the issue and proffer some reasonable recommendations to all and sundry.
Yusuf O. Ali, SAN is a consummate legal practitioner and teacher of the law practice with experience spanning more than three decades. He attended the University of Ife (now Obafemi Awolowo University) for his first degree and graduated with a second class upper division in 1982. He also made a second class in the class of 1983 in the Nigeria law school. He went back to the institution for his master of law degree in 1991.
The Lion And The Jewel goes on stage
The stage is set for the Crown Troupe of Africa production of Prof. Wole Soyinka’s play The Lion And The Jewel. Produced by the Ibadan Playhouse, the performances will hold at the Amphitheatre, Lagos Country Club, Ikeja, Lagos, on Sunday March 4, 2018.
Set in the fictional village of Ilujinle, The Lion And The Jewel tells a griping story involving four major characters – Sidi, the village belle; Lakunle, the village school teacher with Western ideals and believe in cultures such as eating with cutlery, kissing and bogus dressing; Baroka, the ageing but nimble witted Baale (head) of Ilujinle; and Sadiku, Baroka’s senior wife and head of the harem.
As the play opens Sidi, carries her pail of water past the school where Lakunle, approaches her and chastises her for carrying her water on her head and stunting her shoulders, but she is unruffled.
Lakunle loves Sidi and wants to marry her. Sidi does not love Lakunle; she finds him and his ideas about making her a modern, Western bride strange. However, she plans to marry him if he can pay the price as the village traditions necessitate. He refuses to pay her bride-price because he considers it an archaic tradition.
Meanwhile, Baroka has ‘got his eyes’ on the “feisty but voluptuous” Sidi. Baroka considers Sidi another conquest but Lakunle, whose cunning reluctance (or inability) to pay Sidi’s bride price, remains an obstacle. Sidi on the other hand will ‘not give’ unconditionally.
All three as well as the entire village are embroiled in a game that must be won by one.
Tribe and Prejudice: Omatseye’s musings in service of humanity
Title: Tribe and Prejudice
Author: Sam Omatseye
Publisher: Parresia Publishers Ltd, Lagos
Year of Publication: 2017
Reviewer: Tony Okuyeme
“Poetry is nearer to vital truth than history.” The above statement by Plato, one of the world’s best known and most widely read and studied philosophers, underscores the essence of poetry.
Sam Omatseye, award-winning Nigerian journalist, poet, novelist and playwright, in his latest collection of poems titled ‘Tribe and Prejudice’, demonstrates his commitment to the making of and desire for a better Nigeria, where though “tribe and tongue may differ, in brotherhood we stand”.
In this collection, titled ‘Tribe and Prejudice’, Omatseye takes the reader, indeed Nigerians, on a reflective journey. While the last collection, Scented Offal, looks at Nigerian history with a view to “capturing some of the essence of the conflicts, crises, and challenges of our history over the years”, in this latest collection, Tribe and Prejudice, Omatseye interrogates further the sundry ills that have plagued the nation. He wants us to look at ourselves critically and realise the kinds of social ills that have bedevilled our nation for so long.
He laments the tribal psychosis and ethnic rivalry pervading our society. In this 63-page book containing 30 poems, the poet reminds us, with clarity of expression and vivid imagery, that “a nation which normalises evil can never make any progress”.
This is clearly captured in the eponymous poem – the first in this collection of 30 poems – Tribe and Prejudice. In it, Omatseye looks at the metropolitan city of Lagos, home to variety of people from different tribes and culture, living together happily, united by a foreign language, which they have adopted to suit their purpose. In the words of the author, “Tribes knitted beneath a tent/All tongues tied by one thread called English…”
But as politics and election came, ‘things began to fall apart’, tribal and cultural differences too centre stage. For, according to the poet, “but in that poll the cosmopolis/came apart one part at a time / One pact was one pact. / The Yoruba past / I jaw past / Igbo past and so on / But past make the present tense / Yoruba of the west / Igbo of the east / Were no longer at ease / The twain met in
Lagos / Not as friends or foes but as / Foes feinting as friends. “Suddenly all our past no longer met / In the pidgin English / We no longer convene in / one tongue.”
He laments the antics of the key politicians, especially Obafemi Awolowo and Nnamdi Azikiwe, two of the prominent political leaders of Yoruba and Igbo descent respectively. In the third poem, Massacre, 1967’, the author laments the invasion of Asaba by the Nigerian Army and the massacre of unarmed people – old and young – who had come to welcome them with songs and dance for liberating them.
Again, in another poem entitled ‘The Fart of War’, the poet expresses his personal view of war. He sees war as a foolish and destructive venture, an ill wind that blows nobody any good.
The poet notes: “A war does nothing / But build up / A ruin… Cities become fragile like / Human bones / Fields once green recoil to grey…”
With vivid description and haunting imagery, the poet captures other areas of tribalism and its attendant prejudice which are no doubt nauseating.
These include the supremacy battle in Niger Delta, among the Ijaw, Urhobo, and Itsekiri, the Ife and Modakeke case in Osun that raged for years until peace returned; and the activities of the Niger Delta militants and that of the Boko Haram insurgents. They also include Strangers Invocation; ‘Indolent beauty,’ ‘Girl Bomber,’ ‘Corruption’ Almajiri, Tyranny; ‘The Sham I Am’, ‘Wretches’, ‘The Vultures’ and others.
The collection is not just about historical events. The poet looks at some current issues such as the Awo statue at Alausa, Lagos, the Almajiri phenomenon, and some glorious moments such as the victory in the Under 17 World Cup Final in 2015 which he also celebrates in the poem, ‘A Mexican Tear’.
In all of these in Tribe and Prejudice, Omatseye shows us, with a deep sense of patriotism, his desire for a better Nigeria. Notes the Executive Editor of TheNews/PM News, Kunle Ajibade, author of ‘Jailed for Life: A Reporter’s Prison Notes’, Omatseye’s Tribe and Prejudice is passionate honest descriptive lyrical and reflective.
“The arguments here are empowered with measured rhetorical flourishes.
We are roused to rage, shame and pity as the poet confronts us with stupidities, madness, and calamities. We are roused to joy as he celebrates with us moments of glory and triumph. We are roused to value tenderness and to love even in our castle of miseries. We are admonished to consider constantly the futility of life. The poet reaffirms his faith in the goodness that will make humankind endure.”
Reading this collection, you cannot but agree with Ajibade when he also notes that the poet reminds us that “a nation which normalises evil can never make any progress”. Omatseye’s Tribe and Prejudice is a must read.
Entrepreneurship, innovation as panacea for unemployment
Book title: How They Started: Innovative Nigerian Brands
Author: Kachi Ogbonna
Publisher: MiH Consulting Limited, Lagos
Year of publication: 2016
Reviewer: Adejoro Cornelius
Every government in Nigeria in the past few decades have had to battle with the challenge of unemployment without much evidence of success yet. In fact it is safe to say that of all the challenges that are facing Nigeria as a country today unemployment is top on the list. Governments at various levels, private establishments as well as individuals have adopted different approaches as a remedy to this. Kachi Ogbonna’s approach is somewhat different. For him, not only is entrepreneurship the solution to unemployment, he also argues that Nigeria is the best place to start and run a successful business in the world. This, obviously, is contrary to the general opinion that businesses cannot thrive in a place like Nigeria. His book, ‘How They Started’ is therefore a detailed research which presents an empirical proof that it has been done successfully in Nigeria before and that it can be repeated even now. The author is an entrepreneurship consultant. He has established different businesses and today helps many universities to develop an entrepreneurial mindset in their students. He is also committed to helping startups grow.
The author argues that the solution to graduate unemployment in Nigeria is not rocket science. He maintains that it is first of all a matter of mindset and orientation. He maintains that if the young people can look inwards to discover the latent potentials within them and attempt to match them with the various problems they see in their surroundings with the aim of offering solutions and adding value, they would have succeeded in creating businesses with or without government’s special support.
In showing how Nigeria has always been a land of great opportunities, the author traced businesses that started as far back as the immediate post-independence era and still waxing strong today, down to those that were launched in 2012 and have grown to become multinationals in less than four years. The author’s ability to group the 25 brands featured into sectors (eight sectors in all) shows that opportunities abound in almost every sector of the Nigerian economy.
It is probably just a coincidence that this book was released at roughly the same time that Nigeria is passing through what can be described as the biggest economic decline since independence. The price of crude oil has fallen in the international market, the Nigerian currency the naira has depreciated significantly in value, investors are leaving, companies are retrenching with reckless abandon and with the obvious need to diversify the economy and also reduce importation, I am forced to say that if government and those that run our universities are serious about ending graduate unemployment then they must find a way to liaise with Nigerians in the mold of the author of this book and also adopt it as a practical entrepreneurship manual for building entrepreneurial universities.
It is difficult not to commend the author’s liberality and unbiased selection of the featured brands. However, the more he attempts to lay down the criteria for the selection the more we are forced to ask whether they are the only 25 brands that met those criteria. Yet, it is impossible for me not to recommend this book to all entrepreneurs, aspiring entrepreneurs and indeed everyone that seeks to contribute in growing the nation’s economy through entrepreneurship. Let me also add that every undergraduate deserves to have a copy of this book before leaving the four walls of university.
National news9 hours ago
Benue killings: Soldiers providing cover for armed Fulani herdsmen – Tiv leaders
News10 hours ago
BREAKING: Jonathan, IBB absent as Buhari meets Obasanjo, others in Aso Rock
Metro and Crime21 hours ago
Ex-Catholic priest, Edet, to marry March 17
Top Stories6 hours ago
Tinubu blasts APC chairman John Oyegun
News20 hours ago
Corruption still high under Buhari’s watch – Sultan of Sokoto
News20 hours ago
Attack on Yobe school: Army rescues abducted girls
News Around Nigeria10 hours ago
Finally, Fayose meets Buhari (PHOTO)
Metro and Crime21 hours ago
Tailor jailed 60 years for defiling girl, 12