How soldiers starved, raped women in IDP camps –AI
Thousands of women who fled their homes to escape the bloody onslaught of Boko Haram terrorists in the North-East of Nigeria have accused the Nigerian security forces deployed to rescue them of taking undue advantage of them and subjecting them to starvation and sexual exploitation.
In a new report to be released today and obtained by New Telegraph, global human rights watchdog, Amnesty International (AI) said that rather than receiving protection from the troops deployed for counter-terrorism, these displaced women and young girls have been forced to succumb to rape in exchange for food.
The damning report, titled: “They Betrayed Us,” reveals how the Nigerian military personnel and Civilian Joint Task Force (Civilian JTF) – a militia group working alongside the troops separated women from their husbands and confined them in remote “satellite camps” where they have been subjected to all forms of inhuman treatment.
Director, Amnesty International Nigeria, Osai Ojigho, claimed that his organisation has evidence that thousands of people have been starved to death in the Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) camps in the war-ravaged zone since 2015.
“It is absolutely shocking that people who had already suffered so much under Boko Haram have been condemned to further horrendous abuse by the Nigerian military. Instead of receiving protection from the authorities, women and girls have been forced to succumb to rape in order to avoid starvation or hunger.
“Sex in these highly coercive circumstances is always rape, even when physical force is not used, and Nigerian soldiers and Civilian JTF members have been getting away with it. They act like they don’t risk sanction, but the perpetrators and their superiors who have allowed this to go unchallenged have committed crimes under international law and must be held to account,” said Osai Ojigho.
According to the report, the military engaged in gross abuse of human rights as troops ordered people living in rural villages to the satellite camps, in some cases indiscriminately killing those who remained in their homes.
The report also stated that the military screened everyone arriving at the satellite camps, and in some locations detained most men and boys aged between 14 and 40 as well as women who travelled unaccompanied by their husbands.
The detention of so many men has left women to care for their families alone.
The report contained the testimonies of several women, describing how they were raped and subsequently coerced into becoming mistresses or “girlfriends” to the soldiers which involved being available for sex on a regular basis.
Ama (not her real name), a 20-year-old woman narrated her ordeal in the hands of the soldiers thus: “They will give you food, but in the evening, they will come back about 5p.m. or 6p.m and they will tell you to come with them… One (Civilian JTF) man came and brought food to me. The next day, he said I should take water from his place (and I went). He then closed the tent door behind me and raped me. He said I gave you these things, if you want them, we have to be husband and wife.”
Ten others in the same camp said that they were also coerced into becoming “girlfriends” of security officials to save themselves from starvation. Most of these women had already lost children or other relatives due to lack of food, water and healthcare in the camp.
The sexual exploitation continues at an alarming level as women remain desperate to access sufficient food and livelihood opportunities.
Women said the sexual exploitation follows an organised system, with sol diers openly coming into the camp for sex and Civilian JTF members choosing the “very beautiful” women and girls to take to the soldiers outside. Women reported they were too afraid to refuse demands for sex, the report stated.
Amnesty International said it interviewed several witnesses at the camps who consistently reported that 15 to 30 people died each day from hunger and sickness between 2015 and 2016.
It also claimed that it got satellite images, showing how the graveyard inside the camp expanded quickly in these camps during this period.
A number of women who arrived in satellite camps in Dikwa town in mid-2017 have not received any food assistance since they arrived and described ongoing hunger, sickness and deaths within their camps.
Yanna (not her real name), who arrived in Dikwa in late-2017 and lived in Fulatari camp, told Amnesty International: “People are dying, (always there is a) burial, burial, burial. I was thinking maybe one day it will be my own.”
Zara (not her real name) said that rape by the soldiers and members of the Civilian JTF was common. She told Amnesty International of other cases she was aware of, including one where her neighbour accepted money from a soldier.
“He came back in the afternoon and met her sitting with her in-laws. He was looking at their faces one after the other to identify whom he gave money to. So he finally saw her and took her away with him… and had sex with her by force.”
Twenty-five-year-old Kale (not her real name) told Amnesty International she was raped on two occasions in the camp. She said: “There was a day (in or around April 2016), I was pregnant, and a soldier raped me. He knew I was five or six months pregnant. He said he saw me three times before. He didn’t offer me any food, he called me and I ignored him, but on the third day (after I ignored him), he forced me to a room and raped me.”
Kale said that she was also raped by another soldier when trying to collect water outside the camp: “Five of us went together, all of us were raped; the soldiers took us one by one when we came out of the camp. We told the other women and they said we won’t go to fetch water unless we are in a group of 20 or 30. We decided to go in large groups, so nobody touched us. But when we were just few, they raped us. It had happened to others as well.”
Thirty-year-old Miriam (not her real name), said to Amnesty International that when she arrived in the camp in late 2015, soldiers and Civilian JTF members stole the food meant for them, forcing women to have sex to access supplies.
She said: “First, we had some money which we brought from our vil lage. Then we sold all of our jewellery to buy food. Sometimes we were not given the food (intended for them), you will see they are even selling the food. They would bring a quarter (of the food meant for us) and sell the rest…
“If you want anything, they will tell you that you have to offer yourself. They will then give you food, when you offer yourself.”
Fanalpa (not her real name) told Amnesty International how she was forced to be the “girlfriend” of a member of the Civilian JTF and a soldier.
According to the report, she had arrived in the camp with her two children, one of whom died. She gave birth to a third child who also died a few months later, in early 2016.
Hence, she was desperate to find food for herself and her surviving child. She said: “People don’t have money to give (to soldiers or Civilian JTF for food), but a woman can offer herself, no money, just that.”
Fanalpa related that the soldier took her every two or three days for sex, to which she acquiesced out of desperation: “There is a military room inside the camp, maybe 120 metres away; there is a house that they gave to the military. He will invite me and I will go around eight and come back around one in the night, he will have sex two or three times. The soldier doesn’t stop. Even some of the other women will be called… If they see a woman bathing and she is pretty, they will call her.”
Thirty-year-old Khadeeja (not her real name) said five of her family members died in the camp from hunger and sickness.
She told Amnesty International that women approached by soldiers and Civilian JTF members could not afford to refuse demands for sex: “If you say you are a woman and that you will stay with your family, you will die and your children will die. You have to be the ‘girlfriend’ of a Civilian JTF. If you are a ‘girlfriend’, you get everything. If you don’t, you won’t get anything. There is no food or water unless you are a ‘girlfriend’ of the Civilian JTF.”
Thirty-year-old Halima (not her real name) described to Amnesty International how she was approached for sex by a soldier who had been involved in torturing her husband by beating him while he was suspended from the ceiling during interrogation on their arrival in Bama prison.
She said: “(He) started coming to me, he said he loves me and that my husband won’t come back as he is in Giwa… He would bring food, chicken and yam to me. He says I am his ‘wife’… The soldiers are kings in Bama, when you see them, everybody is afraid. They decide, they say nobody should complain, so I did what he wanted… That time, the majority of women were taken by the soldiers. They take (for sex) who they like and leave what they don’t like.”
Women have not been allowed to return to their villages of origin. Several told Amnesty International that they were desperate to return, either to escape the camp, and/or because they wanted to reunite with family members who had remained behind and who, in some cases, they had not seen for several years.
Although the United Nations and several humanitarian organisations have increased their assistance to victims of the crisis, large-scale corruption has prevented many people from accessing food, water and medicines.
Ojigh argued that confining people to camps without enough food, despite the fact that those administering the camps knew the conditions were leading to deaths, was a violation of human rights and international humanitarian law.
Side effects, barrier to family planning
Available data shows that one in four pregnancies in the country is unplanned for. Experts say using family planning would prevent them as well as save lives. APPOLONIA ADEYEMI reports
Mrs. Teniola Fadairo, 54 years, a mother of four had set out to embrace family planning (FP). As soon as she got married in 1985, at the age of 24 years, she conceived without delay, prompting the delivery of her first baby two years after, prescisely in 1987. “It was the preference of spacing the arrival of the next baby that made my husband and I to embrace FP after the birth of our first baby, Mrs Fadairo told the New Telegraph during a field trip to the Lagos Island Maternity last week.”
After counseling by health workers, she adopted the intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) which was inserted in her uterus through the vagina, she disclosed.
An IUCD is a small, “T-shaped” contraceptive device which is placed in a woman’s uterus (womb). It is also known as the IUD, loop or copper coil.
IUCDs are made of flexible plastic with a coating of thin copper wire. It has one or two soft threads on the end. These thin threads hang through the opening at the entrance of the womb (cervix) into the top of the vagina.
An IUCD works by stopping sperm reaching an egg. It does this by preventing sperm from surviving in the cervix, uterus or fallopian tube. It may also work by stopping a fertilised egg in the woman from implanting in the uterus.
Relating her experience about the IUCD, Fadairo said: “I was not feeling fine when I was using the IUCD; I was not comfortable with it at all. I did not feel pain or discomfort, but I was experiencing some discharge from my vagina.
“After some months, I went back to the health facility and informed them about this. Although, they assured me that it would be over soon and that I would feel normal again, but I insisted that it should be removed.”
When the medical doctor on duty at the private facility where I sought the service, checked me and asked if I wanted to continue with the IUCD, I said, “No,” and it was promptly removed.
Fadairo who abandoned the use of FP due to the highlighted discomfort, later had three more children, using natural method only throughout the period of her reproductive years. “I thank God today that things went well. It was not by my power,” she told the New Telegraph.
For another housewife, Mrs Tayo Olubi, also a Lagos resident it was a different scenario. She got pregnant four months after the delivery of her first child. Olubi who did not breastfeed her son exclusively found that she had become pregnant four months after delivery.
She was not only confused, but had challenges coping with nursing the first child and going through another pregnancy at a time that it was too close to the previous one.
Convinced that she could not cope with this challenge, she visited a traditional medicine practitioner who prescribed a local herb with which the pregnancy was terminated. Within days of administering the herb, the five months pregnancy was terminated leading to days of profuse bleeding. Although, she was rushed on emergency to a nearby public health facility, Mrs Olubi died before getting help in the hospital.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) defines family planning as a voluntary measure that “allows individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. It is achieved through use of contraceptive methods.”
FP enables couples and individuals to exercise their rights to determine whether to have children, when and how often to have children, and when to stop; and provides information and services to act on the right. This is vital to safe motherhood, healthy families and prosperous communities.
Contraceptive use remains very low in Nigeria. The Guttmacher Institute (GI) estimates that in 2013, only 16 per cent of all women of reproductive age in Nigeria,15 to 49, were using any contraceptive method, and only 11 per cent were using a modern method—levels that remain virtually unchanged since 2008.”
Besides, available data from GI shows that in 2012, about one-fourth of Nigeria’s 9.2 million pregnancies were unintended —a rate of 59 unintended pregnancies per 1,000 women aged 15 to 49.
According to the data, more than half (56 per cent) of these unintended pregnancies ended in an induced abortion; 32 per cent ended in an unplanned birth and 12 per cent in a miscarriage.
Based on the highlighted statistics, it is very clear that abortion arising from unintended pregnancies remain high in spite of the restrictive abortion laws in the country. In Nigeria, abortion is legal only when performed to save a woman’s life. Still, abortions are common, and most are unsafe because they are done clandestinely, by unskilled providers or both.
However, these unnecessary abortions could easily be averted if Nigerians of reproductive age use FP services which experts said could help prevent unintended pregnancies as well as space births for mothers, a measure that would boost their health.
One of the major problems hindering the implementation of FP is the barriers that are making women not to uptake services, said Dr. Ejike Oji, chairman of the Advancement of Family Planning (AAFP).
Oji who is also the chairman, Coalition for Maternal, Child and New Born and Adolescent Health Accountability in Nigeria (C4MAN), said, “The most important barriers we have seen are misconceptions. People feel that when they uptake FP services they won’t be able to have babies again or that something bad will happen to them.”
On the contrary, Oji described such claims, most of which were based on traditional and religious believes as misconceptions and myths.
On the issue of negative reaction to FP use in some women such as the one experienced by Mrs Fadairo who ultimately dumped FP, Oji said FP was such medical services that were personal. “What is good for you might not be good for the next person and that is why we are saying that practitioners must be properly trained to provide the services.
“You shouldn’t just go somewhere to access FP. You must be properly counseled. There are so many methods. It is during the counseling that practitioners will identify the one that is good for each person and give that one that is specifically for you and you won’t have any problem.”
When side effects were experienced, Oji advised clients to report to the facilities. Often, side effects could be temporary and often fizzle out, with normal situation returning. Sometimes, it may be necessary to change FP methods in individuals to address side effects, he added.
On the prevention of unintended pregnancies, he lamented that Nigeria’s maternal mortality rate is 576 deaths per 100,000 live births.
Every day about 111 women and girls in Nigeria die due to preventable pregnancy and child birth related complications (every hour five women die), according to data from the Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS). Nigeria accounts for one in nine maternal deaths world wide
Thirty-four per cent of such deaths can be prevented by increasing access to and uptake of FP, he asserted.
Oji described FP as key in terms of child survival and women’s health. “What we are saying is that women should be able to space their children appropriately, limit the number of children they want and also not start their reproductive health production too early.”
Medical experts said pregnancies that are too early, too close, too late or too many carry extra hazards not only for the health of the woman but also for the child.
Previous research shows that the greater number of women that died during child birth in Nigeria is below 18 years. In fact they have the second highest number of deaths, estimated at 70 per cent, from pregnancy and pregnancy related cases.
A recent study by the United States (U.S.) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics also shows that using FP is beneficial and could stem unintended pregnancies.
According to findings of the study released on June 22, 2017, although, more than half of American teens had sex by age 18, teenage pregnancy and birth rates extended their two to 1/2-decade decline because of increased contraceptive use.
Most of the 55 per cent of teenagers who had sex by 18 used some type of protection, typically a condom, the study of more than 4,000 teenagers showed.
Some 80 per cent of teenagers employed a contraceptive method during their first sexual encounters, according to the study.
Consequently, medical experts are of the view that up taking FP services was in the overall interest of mothers and babies. It would not only benefit clients like Mrs. Fadairo, using FP could prevent unnecessary death in abortions such as the one that killed Mrs. Olubi.
FG: Wike is abusing immunity
Rivers gov: You don’t care about human lives
The Federal Government has accused the governor of Rivers State, Nyesom Wike, of abusing the privileges of immunity as a public officer.
Minister of Information and Culture, Alhaji Lai Mohammed stated this yesterday while brief- ing State House Correspondents after the Federal Executive Council (FEC) meeting presided over by President Muhammadu Buhari.
The minister was reacting to an allegation by Wike that the All Progressives Congress (APC)-led government was plotting to assassinate him.
Mohammed, who debunked the claim by Wike, explained that the Rivers State Governor has the freedom to express his opinion.
He said: “As to the question about the allegation by the governor of Rivers that he has information that he will be assassinated by the Federal Government in a crowd; I think one of the beauty of being a governor is that you enjoy immunity from prosecution and arrest. Because, I remember a couple of years ago when I made similar allegations, I was invited to Force Headquarters.”
While raising the alarm on the plot to assassinate him, Wike had hinged it on desperate politicians whom he said will stop at nothing to cling onto power.
Wike insisted that the threat to his life was real, as the intelligence report at his disposal was cogent and valid, saying, “It is true that my life is under threat. What I said is true. As a governor, I cannot just wake up and say my life is threatened.”
The governor said his travails started when he uncovered the plot by the police to raid his residence in Abuja with the sinister intent to plant incriminating evidence against him.
In swift reaction to the comments by the Information Minister, Wike accused the Federal Government of caring less for the lives of Nigerians.
The governor, in a statement by his Special Assistant on Electronic Media, Simeon Nwakaudu, said that people are being slaughtered daily across Nigeria because the Federal Government does not care about the protection of lives and property.
Wike said it is unfortunate that the Federal Government will trivialize an issue of this sensitive nature.
The Rivers State Governor said because the Federal Government has relegated the sanctity of human lives, that is why they give conflicting reasons for the security challenges that have led to wanton killings in different parts of the country.
“They don’t care about the issue of the protection of lives and property. That is why people are killed in their numbers every day.
“But I will not be slaughtered easily. They will not succeed in their plot,” Wike said.
The governor expressed shock that rather than say that this weighty intelligence report will be duly investigated, the minister is struggling to trivialize the matter.
Wike said that there are laid down constitutional processes of handling weighty issues of this nature, pointing out that it is unfortunate that the Federal Government has deliberately refused to follow the constitutional path.
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