Driving school sabotaging FRSC’s efforts
Criminal activities continue to fester in the country despite the launch of new vehicle number plates and driver’s license in 2011, which the authorities said, would assist in crime prevention, writes ONYEKACHI EZE
The Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC) new driver’s licence and number plate scheme is about seven years’ old now. Apart from ensuring uniform standard in the number plates and driver’s licence issued to motoring public, the scheme, according to the authorities, is aimed at checking criminal activities.
During its launch on September 2, 2011, former President Goodluck Jonathan said he ordered the scheme to be fast tracked following the October 1, 2010 terror attack on Eagles Square in Abuja, the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). “Since the last bombing episode on October 1 (2010), I had directed the hastening of efforts to build a credible database of drivers and vehicles in order to improve public safety.
The importance of this project is reaffirmed by the consistent use of vehicles in the conduct of the recent bombing episodes,” Jonathan had said. The fear of the former president was justified.
There have been a number of terror attacks in Abuja by terrorists since the Independent Day bomb attack. Most of these attacks were targeted at landmark buildings in the nation’s capital by terrorists using vehicle-laden explosives. For instance, there was June 16, 2011 terror attack on the Force Headquarters, Abuja which left about six people dead.
The attack was believed to have been targeted at the then Inspector General of Police, Hafiz Ringim, whose convoy the attacker followed into the police premises. Two months later, on August 26, another attack took place at the United Nations’ building in Abuja, killing 21 persons and injuring 60 others. Perhaps, this was to internationalise the attack by the insurgents.
After the launch of the scheme, the nation’s capital and environs further witnessed more terror attacks. These included the Christmas Day (December 25) 2011 terror attack on St. Theresa’s Catholic Church, Madalla, Niger State, which killed 37 innocent worshippers and left 57 others with serious injuries.
On April 14, 2014, a-twin blast at Nyanya Motor Park, a densely populated suburb of Abuja, left 88 persons dead and 200 others wounded. Another attack barely two weeks later, on May 1, just a kilometre away from the April 14 attack, killed six people.
Another blast at Emab Shopping Plaza, Wuse II in Abuja on June 24, 2014, killed 21 persons including the Managing Director (North) of New Telegraph Newspaper, Mr. Suleiman Bisalla. Police said 17 persons were wounded during the attack. Also on October 2, 2015, two bomb attacks at Kuje Market and police station, and at Nyanya Street market, left a combined figure of 15 persons dead and 20 others wounded.
The National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) said 13 people died at Kuje attack while the Nyanya blast recorded two. All these attacks were executed with vehicles laden with explosive devices.
Given the speed with which the masterminds of the Independent Day 2010 Eagles Square attack were unmasked and quickly brought to justice, one would have expected that with the launch of the new number plates and driver’s licence, criminal elements in the society would no longer have a hiding place.
But except the December 2011 Christmas Day bombing at St. Theresa’s Catholic Church, Madalla, and the April 14, 2014 first Nyanya terror attack, perpetrators of the other attacks or their masterminds were not identified so could not be prosecuted.
Kabiru Dikko aka Kabiru Sokoto and Aminu Sadiq Ogwuche were identified and arrested as masterminds of the Madalla and first Nyanya attacks, respectively. Other criminal activities such as kidnapping, bank robbery and other associated crimes were committed with the use of vehicles. And except on a few reported cases, other perpetrators are yet to face the wrath of the law. Force Public Relations Officer (FPRO), Jimoh Moshood, said other bomb attacks were still under investigations.
Such investigations, Moshood added, could be concluded within a short period or they could take a little bit longer.
“All the cases you mentioned, they are under investigation. If they have been arrests in two instances, that does not mean they cannot arrest in the other instances you have mentioned.
So, virtually all these cases are under investigation. While there are successes in some instances, others are being worked to ensure that success is achieved at the end of the day,” he stated.
The FPRO would not be drawn into the argument that the use of old number plates for the attacks was hindering the investigations as he stated that it was within the purview of the FRSC and the Directorate of Road Transport Services (DRTS), otherwise known as Vehicle Inspection Office (VIO) to issue vehicle number plates and driver’s licences.
Moshood added: “I wouldn’t comment on that because I don’t work with FRSC. The FRSC and the VIO have the responsibility of the issue of number plates…. That is why I told you that investigation is ongoing.” FRSC has encountered some hitches while trying to enforce the implementation of the new number plates and the new driver’s licence.
The commission had initially set September 30, 2013 as the last date for the motoring public to replace their old number plates with new ones while defaulters would have their vehicles impounded from October 1.
This date was later shifted to June 30, 2014 and eventually suspended following two Federal High Court judgements that described the enforcement of the new policy as “illegal and unconstitutional”.
Mr. Emmanuel Ofoegbu and Ajefo Ekwo had instituted actions against the FRSC at Federal High Courts in Lagos and Abuja respectively, challenging the powers of the FRSC to impound vehicles of motorists who failed to obtain the new number plates after the September 30, 2013 deadline. They argued that there was no law validly made in accordance with the constitution prohibiting the use of the old number plates.
Justice John Tsoho of the Lagos Federal High Court, in a judgement delivered on March 26, 2013, ruled that the FRSC had no power to enforce the new number plates. The judge also described the scheme as illegal and unconstitutional.
He said: “The FRSC cannot force Nigerians to acquire new plate numbers by impounding cars without the backing of any legislation to that effect. “I hold that the act of the FRSC amounts to an arbitrary use of power, and is therefore illegal and unconstitutional.”
Justice Adeniyi Ademola of Abuja High Court, on June 30, also ruled against the enforcement of the new number plates and driver’s licence. The FRSC, however, appealed against these judgements. But in obedient to the court order, the commission issued a statement suspending its earlier decision to enforce the use of the new number plates at the expiration of the deadline.
The statement added that the FRSC had decided to abide by the decision of the Joint Tax Board (JTB) an umbrella body of state Chairmen of Boards of Internal Revenue, statutorily mandated to determine road taxes including prices of number plates and driver’s licence.
“For the avoidance of doubt, the corps wishes to state that it still stands on the earlier resolve to defer enforcement of the new number plate and driver’s licence following the suspension of the 30th June 2014 deadline for a change to the enhanced motor vehicle number plate by the Joint Tax Board.
“The board had decided after its 129th meeting held on 23rd and 24th April, 2014, at the headquarters of Edo State Internal Revenue Services in Benin that: (a) In the light of the court judgement against the FRSC, the board decided to suspend the 30th June, 2014 deadline earlier announced for a change to enhanced Motor Vehicle Number Plate and the Driver’s Licence pending the outcome of the appeal by the FRSC.
(b) The states Internal Revenue Service, the Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) and the Vehicle Inspection Offices (VIOs) have been encouraged to put all necessary logistics in place to improve motor vehicle registration and issuance of driver’s license in order to build a comprehensive database.
“In the light of the above, the corps wishes to reiterate an earlier directive to its commanding officers to defer enforcement on the deadline, in keeping with the JTB suspension and the court, ruling pending the determination of the appeal. “Motorists are, however, urged to renew their driver’s and vehicle licences as they expire in line with extant provisions of the law,” the statement added.
The FRSC won a partial victory at the Court of Appeal when a judgement delivered by Justice Joseph Ikyegh, in November 2014, set aside the judgement of the lower court. But out of the four issues canvassed by the commission, the appellate court ruled in favour of the respondent, Mr. Emmanuel Ofoegbu in three.
While the court held that based on National Road Traffic Regulation (NRTR), 2012, the FRSC has legal right to enforce the use of new number plates on the set date, it agreed that the respondent had the locus standi to initiate the suit and enforce his fundamental human rights. “I would allow this appeal in part; for the avoidance of doubt, this appeal only succeeds in part to the effect that regulation 2012 has legal force, and is enforceable from October 1, 2013, the administrative date set by FRSC.
“The part of the decision of the lower court declaring the regulation 2012 unconstitutional is hereby set aside,” said Ikyegh. The judge further held that by the provisions of Section 5 of the FRSC Act, 2007, the National Assembly had delegated the authority to the commission to so act.
He, however, ruled that the fear of the respondent (Mr. Ofoegbu) of FRSC impounding his vehicle was justified because Section 35(1) of the Constitution makes personal liberty of a person, an issue of fundamental human right.
“The application of the respondent was brought to protect his personal right to liberty and protection of his movable property, therefore, the appellant has no legal framework to enforce regulation 2012 as it relates to impounding the respondent’s vehicle.
“The respondent would have the standing to sue to enforce his rights,” Ikyegh added. Since the Court of Appeal judgement, which is about three years now, why has the FRSC not deemed it necessary to set fresh deadline to phase out the old number plates in place of new ones?
The FRSC Public Education Officer, Mr. Bisi Kazeem, said the commission had already advised the licensing authorities to give effect to the court decision. He said: “Since the court validated the statutory powers of the FRSC to set deadline for change over to the new plates and the deadline set then was validated, the FRSC had advised motor licensing authorities to give effect to the court decision while FRSC has been enforcing number plate violation.
The FRSC was established by Decree No. 45 of 1988, and Section 5 of Act of the National Assembly, 2007, as an agency of the Federal Government to, among other things, prevent or minimise road accidents, educate motorists and members of the public on the importance of discipline on the highway as well as to design and produce driver’s licence. Before the commission came into existence, the nation’s licensing system was, to say the least, chaotic. There was no uniform standard in driver’s licence issued to motoring public.
The licence, which was in a booklet form, was issued by various states and local governments in the country. It was not until 1990 with the introduction of National Uniform Licensing Scheme (NULS) that a uniform national licensing scheme for the whole nation was adopted, to replace the ones issued by state and local governments. Notwithstanding, the new licensing scheme was still bedevilled by corruption, forgery and other associated malpractices, leading to the introduction of physical capture of the applicants image at the licensing office, in 2008.
The online process, including the issuance of vital document and vehicle identification number plates, was to follow three years later, in 2011. Former Corps Marshal and Chief Executive Officer of the commission, Osita Chidoka, said the aim of the new system was “to restore respect and reliance to the driver’s licence, which… has been grossly abused and faked.”
He said: “The improved process would obviate possession of the document by unqualified applicants, ensure global access to data bank for seamless authentication of identity claims of holders, up revenue accruable to government (due basically to the blocking of revenue leakage) and make forgery difficult.” The new licence, he added, had extra security marks, such as ghost portrait and overlapping data. Holders of old but valid driver’s licences were given one year grace period to key into the new process.
At the launch of the new licence and number plate scheme in 2010, former President Jonathan said the programme also included “the immediate implementation of the Driving Schools Standardisation Programme (DSSP) that stipulates that only accredited driving schools must sponsor all fresh applicants for driver’s licence. “Also a new regulatory regime of mandatory test and continuous drivers training has been introduced for commercial drivers.”
The DSSP was established and launched in May 2010 to standardise and create uniform standard in driver education and training provided by driving schools.
The programme was believed to have been fashioned after the United States of America (USA) Graduated Driver Licence (GDL) scheme, which helped in reducing the rate of road crashes and fatalities. Though it was launched in 2010, it was not until February 1, 2016 that the DSSP online application came to effect, which allowed driving schools across the 36 states of the federation and Abuja to enrol and update trainee records using their usernames and passwords.
And by August that same year, the FRSC said it had received about 1,103 applications nationwide, for the establishment of driving schools, out of which, 623 had been certified while 480 schools were then awaiting cer-tification.
Also within that same period, the commission said a total of 170,505 applicants had enrolled into the accredited driving schools while 82,086 had graduated.
To seek to run a driving school, the applicant-proprietor is required to provide a certificate of incorporation from Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC), a classroom/administrative office, roadworthy vehicle(s) for driving instructions (dual control), licensed driving instructor(s), course manual, highway code, traffic laws/regulations handbook, first aide facilities, openspace driving range and computer/ mobile device with internet capabilities.
Kazeem described the DSSP as a success, adding that “before now, new applicants of driver’s licence don’t attend driving school, but with the DSSP and the portal designed by the present FRSC management, it is now compulsory that you must go through an accredited driving school before you can apply for new driver’s licence. Secondly, the driving schools registration of applicants has been interfaced with the DSSP portal.”
The FRSC had boasted that “if this portal is allowed to work as designed, no fresh application of driver’s licence can be done without having to go through a driving school approved by the Federal Road Safety Commission under the Driving School Standardisation Programme (DSSP).” Both renewal and application for the new driver’s licence are now done online.
FRSC said only applicants from 18 years and above are qualified to possess its driver’s licence. Those seeking to renew their licences will apply online at www. nigeriadriverslicense.org, or he/ she goes in person to a Driver’s Licence Centre (DLC) with his old licence, where a printout would be generated for payment of prescribed fee at designated banks.
The payment slip and application form will be presented to the Board of Internal Revenue (BIR) Officer and Vehicle Inspection Officer (VIO) at the DLC for endorsement. Thereafter the applicant proceeds to the FRSC office at the DLC for biometric data capture.
He/she will be issued with a temporary driver’s licence valid for 60 (now about 30) days before the original will be ready for collection at BIR office. Applicant for new a licence is to attend training at an accredited driving school for a specific period of time (usually 26 days marked attendance).
The school will then take the applicant to VIO for a driving test, if successful, the applicant will be issued with a certificate of proficiency by the VIO. He/she now undergoes the same process of completing a driver’s license application form at DLC, pay the licence fee online or at the bank, and other processes like those for renewal.
Most applicants complained that the authorities have made the process cumbersome with too many procedures, hence the resort to other means by some applicants to get it done faster. The FRSC defended this. It agreed that the process may look tedious or long, it was aimed at preventing “the loss of irreparable lives and valuable properties. It is better to be late than to be the late. Life has no duplicate.
“This Graduated Driver Licence Programme is being successfully implemented in America with commendable reduction in the rate of road crashes and fatalities.” When the former Minister of State for Labour, James Ocholi, his wife and son died in a motor accident on Kaduna-Abuja highway on March 6, 2016, the FRSC quickly disowned Mr. Taiwo Elegbede, the driver of the ill-fated vehicle. Corps Marshal, Boboye Oyeyemi, told President Muhammadu Buhari that Elegbede, was not an FRSC licensed driver because he was not captured in the commission’s database. Kazeem was further to explain that Elegbede had no driver’s licence record with the commission.
He said: “Elegbede is not captured in our driver’s licensing data, so the licence he claimed to have expired must be a fake one. “Our licence procedure includes physical presence and biometric capturing of applicants which is permanently stored in our data bank, for the purpose of verification. “We always tell members of the public to visit our licensing centres spread across the country and desist from patronising touts while applying for their driver’s licence.
“Elegbede cannot be called a competent driver if he does not have a genuine driver’s licence, which he can only acquire showing mastery of basic driving principles.”
The commission said Elegbede, who was hospitalised after the accident, would be prosecuted immediately he was discharged. It is nearly two years after the incident and the FRSC has not said anything about his fate. Kazeem told New Telegraph that “FRSC has always prosecuted motorists with fake driver’s licences. It is a continuous thing. We use relevant agencies to get defaulters prosecuted.”
He was however, silent on Elegbede’s case.
The Corps Marshal, Oyeyemi, admitted that the commission was aware of “the antithetical behaviour” of some proprietors of the driving schools, which include enrolling more than what their facilities could take, multiple logins by driving schools who gave their passwords and usernames out, driving schools updating vehicles that are not branded for training and updating training records for trainees without practical training for 26 sessions before generating a driving school certificate with a unique code which confirms its authenticity.
Apart from this, Kaazeem said there were also the problems of “lack of proper basic learner drivers’ training (and) incomplete mandatory training hours,” as well as touts at various licensing centres issuing fake certificates to untrained drivers, absence of reliable database for all driving schools, lack of records of all drivers trained by driving schools, and uniform driving programmes.
To curb the trend, the commission said it had decided to modify the DSSP web application to allow single login; pegging the application to allow driving schools to train based on the facilities they have. In this case, the corps only allows the use of one vehicle and one instructor to train eight persons per day, or two vehicles and two instructors to train 16 persons per day, etc. It also said there is a mechanism of ensuring that trainings were not backdated.
The Corps Public Education Officer disclosed that the monitoring team included the state committee on DSSP comprises state VIO, representatives of Commissioners for Work, sector commanders, training officers and members of driving school association. “However those who are found wanting are sanctioned. Presently over 30 driving schools have been blacklisted.
“The monitoring mechanism put in place is effective, because it is all the stakeholders at the state and grassroots that does monitoring regularly,” he added.
The American licensing system, which many believed the DSSP was modelled after, has three stages – learner’s permit stage, intermediate stage and full licence stage. This is a graduated process whereby advancement to the next stage is dependent on the certification and the passing of the standard test. For instance, a trainee driver on learner’s permit stage category in an approved driving school must have driven for a period of not less than six months, under supervision before he or she could move to the next stage.
Again, the trainee must have driven for not less than 50 hours without committing any traffic offence “or at-fault accident.”
This qualifies him or her to advance to the intermediate stage where the trainee can drive without supervision, but restricted from driving at late night. He/she will, however, continue to attend driving school classes.
The final stage, which is the full licence stage, is only achieved after meeting both the learner’s and intermediate stages, and with “satisfactory evidences of attendance at the approved driving school”. Compare this to the Nigerian system with just 26 days of training programme and you will not be far from the reasons why there is high accident rate in the country.
Surprisingly, Nigerian driving school was ready to graduate a student after one week training. The highest period a training programme could last, according to “syllabus” from one of the driving schools in Abuja, is four weeks.
There are allegations that some of these schools were established by FRSC officials. Kazeem however, denied this but said he was aware that “some retired FRSC staff have established driving schools and before they are accredited, they go through the process as others”. Last December, FRSC said there was an increase in the number of accidents nationwide, resulting in a total of 676 road crashes in October alone.
This, according to the corps marshal, was an 11 per cent increase compared to the previous month. The statistics shows that out of 4,902 people involved, 377 deaths were recorded while 2,351 persons sustained various degrees of injured.
Curiously, the FCT, the seat of government, recorded the highest number of traffic crashes with 67 cases involving 413 persons, out of which 127 sustain injuries, while 20 persons died. “Kaduna, Nasarawa, Nigeri, Ondo and Bauchi States, followed with relatively high records of crashes with 47, 43, 42, 34 and 32 cases respectively,” Oyeyemi added.
According to him, 377 deaths recorded amount to a-27 per cent increase compared to the previous month with Sokoto State recording the highest number of 38 deaths, while Kogi State had 24 with Kaduna and Oyo states, 23 each while Yobe State recorded 22 deaths. The corps marshal attributed the cause of most of the accidents to speed violation, which he said accounted for 403 cases, representing 51.8 per cent.
Exposed! Nigeria’s Deputy Speaker in N1.1bn water contract scam (II)
In conclusion of this two-part story, MOJEED ALABI reports the details of the contract scandal involving the Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives, Hon. Lasun Yusuff, who secures contract award from the same government he serves
Exposed! Nigeria’s Deputy Speaker in N1.1bn water contract scam
Communities cry over shoddy projects
After about four months of investigations, New Telegraph’s reporter, MOJEED ALABI, exposes the corrupt practices in the execution of controversial N1.7 billion mini-water schemes in three communities in Osun State by members of the National Assembly, including the Deputy Speaker, Hon. Lasun Yusuff
On Friday, January 5, the sun was fierce and scorching in Ife-Odan, a nascent community in the West Senatorial District of Osun State.
Ileri-Oluwa Oloyede, an SS 2 student of Faith Foundation College, Ife-Odan, had just returned from market where she had helped her mother in her palm oil business. But the 16-year-old girl still had one more chore to do; to fetch water for the urgent need of the household.
Considering the stress she had gone through at the market, Ileri-Oluwa’s parents advised her to wait till sundown. But the longer she waited, the more difficult her chances of getting water became and the longer it would take the family to prepare dinner.
“If I wait for the sun to go down, many more people will be at the well, and that would worsen the situation. And if the crowd becomes uncontrollable, the landlord may lock his gate and drive us out,” she said.
Thus, while the sun was yet to finally recede, Ileri-Oluwa and her younger sister, Florence, hit the road for a three-kilometre trek in search of clean water at the nearest well.
It is the same story for Michael Adeoba, who was also on the road, almost at the same time, with his father’s motorcycle to fetch water into some 20-litre jerrycans.
Adeoba, who had battled to get the motorcycle started, apparently due to some mechanical faults, decided to push it to a nearby mechanic workshop for a quick fix before going for the water.
He said: “This is what I go through every other day. Whenever I am on holiday, I always dread this experience. In fact, it is more of punishment than chore.”
The experiences of both Ileri-Oluwa and Adeoba reflect the pains and pangs of the people of Ife-Odan in their efforts to access clean water.
The situation is similar in many communities in the agrarian state, particularly during dry season when many wells and streams are dried up and public water supply is scarce due largely to poor electricity supply.
Addressing this perennial challenge was the concern of 12 parliamentarians, who represented the state in the National Assembly between 2011 and 2015, comprising three senators and nine House of Representatives’ members.
The federal lawmakers, who were elected on the platform of the defunct Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN) before the party merged with others to form the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC), had pursued common agenda, apparently towards fulfilling their party’s campaign promises.
One of them and now the Chief Whip of the eighth Senate, Prof. Sola Adeyeye, representing Osun Central Senatorial District, told New Telegraph that the senators and the nine members of the green chamber had agreed to facilitate the execution of joint projects in the state, through the National Assembly’s Zonal Intervention Projects (ZIP), otherwise known as “constituency projects.”
Therefore, when the 2012 budget was being prepared in 2011, they agreed to jointly facilitate the construction of a mini-water scheme in each senatorial district.
But Adeyeye’s original plan for his district, he claimed, was the reconstruction of the narrow Ojutu Bridge in Ilobu, headquarters of Irepodun Local Government Area. However, this position was overruled by Governor Rauf Aregbesola, “who said we should do water.”
“But none of us could singlehandedly fix water, so we decided to have three mini-water schemes across the three senatorial districts,” Adeyeye added.
After a careful study, Ife-Odan was chosen as the beneficiary community in Osun West; Ipetu-Ijesha in Osun East, and Ila-Orangun in Osun Central Senatorial District, for the construction of the mini-water schemes.
As captured in the 2012 Appropriation Act and contained in the South West Geo-Political Zone Mapping of Capital Projects by the National Assembly Budget and Research Office (NABRO), a total sum of N1,666,666,668 was budgeted for the projects at the rate of N555,555,556 for each.
But according to Ogun-Oshun River Basin Development Authority (OORBDA), the contract supervising agency, it eventually awarded the Ife-Odan scheme at the sum of N538,412,653.06; Ila-Orangun at the rate of N539,128,429.13 while N541,193,861.23 was approved for Ipetu-Ijesha project. Thus the new total sum released for the project stood at N1,618,734,943.47.
There was also additional budgetary allocation of N100 million each for the three mini-water schemes in the 2013 budget proposal but there was no evidence that the money was released.
Projects excite communities
When the beneficiary communities received the news of their selection for the location of the projects, they heaved a sigh of relief that potable water would no longer be a luxury.
According to the Risapetu and Regent of Ipetu-Ijesha, High Chief Ayodele Olayinka, some government representatives had approached the community’s palace on a Sunday in 2012, and demanded a parcel of land for the location of the project.
“We told them to wait till Monday but they insisted they needed to start that same Monday. Though Kabiyesi was still alive then, he was already very old. So, with two other chiefs, we went there, and gave them the site. We were very elated and anxious to see the project commenced,” the chief explained.
He said true to their words, the contractor resumed to the location on the appointed Monday and began with the clearing of the bush.
“We were then visiting the site on a regular basis, at least, to show solidarity and support,” the chief added.
The experience was more exciting in Ife-Odan, where the government’s dam, created many years ago from Sekunrebete stream, which supplies water to the community and its environs, had been facing a series of challenges, including theft of its generator.
According to an officer of the state Water Corporation and the dam’s Superintendent Officer, Mr. Adeyemi Oyekola, who reluctantly spoke to New Telegraph, apart from the power issue, the dam was enough to serve the community.
He said: “In fact, there is no point bringing up a new water scheme. What this place needs is just a good generator, and repair of some of the machines and the reticulation networks, then, the community will be good for it.
“The major challenge here is power because the voltage is always low and cannot power the pumping machines.”
Thus, the desire to see the water scarcity problem addressed and the prospect of job opportunities at the site for the youth of the community inspired a farmer, Mr. Azeez Moradesa, to donate about four plots of land for the project.
The parcel of land is part of Moradesa’s inheritance and located beside his house at Araromi area of the town, which is less than two kilometres to the crisis-ridden dam.
He said: “So when they started the construction, I was employed as the security guard by the contractor. They were paying me N20,000 every month.”
Similarly, a former student of the Osun State College of Education, Ila-Orangun, AbdulKadir Oladosu, who was in year one when the construction work started at the Ila-Orangun site in 2012, said the students, in particular, were excited, “due to the suffering we were going through to get water.”
Inauguration of uncompleted projects
Five years after the projects were initiated, in February 2017, the Ogun-Osun River Basin Development Authority (OORBDA), having allegedly certified the contractors for jobs well done, held a symbolic inauguration at the Ila-Orangun plant, and handed them over to the Osun State government, through its water corporation.
Though, the inauguration took place at Ila-Orangun, the documents and keys to the other two projects were also handed over to the state government. Thus, by this handover, New Telegraph learnt, it became the responsibility of the corporation to manage and operate the facilities for the benefit of the people.
Projects dead on arrival
Six years after people’s hope had been raised, New Telegraph’s investigations revealed that the projects have failed to ameliorate the water scarcity the communities face. In Ife-Odan the massive water plant erected by the contractor is yet to produce a drop of water.
When visited by our correspondent, the facility had already been overtaken by weeds and cobwebs, without anyone found in the compound.
The guard, Moradesa, who, apparently was disappointed by the turn of events, was not on hand to conduct our reporter round the facility. But his son, Joseph Moradesa, who did, was not impressed by the development.
When he eventually spoke to our correspondent, the guard expressed regret that six years after the project was initiated, there was yet to be water for the people at the plant.
Moradesa, who spoke in Yoruba language, said: “Even as the guard, since February 2017 when the place was transferred to Osun State Water Corporation, my salary has been reduced to N15,000 and I received the last one in October 2017. What pained me most is that this place is already abandoned and the purpose for which I donated the land may have been defeated.”
Also speaking, a palace chief, the Obajio of Ife-Odan, Chief Amoo Adegbite, expressed regret that the people’s hope had been dashed by the alleged poor handling of the project, saying the whole community was disappointed after so much expectation.
Adegbite said; “Many of us had thought what they wanted to do was to connect the dam and make the water supply easier. But we were surprised when they started digging borehole just few kilometres away from the dam, and we were worried that it might turn out to be a wasted effort due to our experiences with boreholes here.”
Son of a late traditional ruler of the community, Prince Gbade Morenikeji, who had visited the town for the New Year celebration, said one of the reasons the community voted against the return of one of the 12 representatives, Senator Mudashiru Hussein, was largely due to the abandoned water project.
Morenikeji, who works with the Federal Ministry of Industry, Trade and Investment, noted that following the death of Senator Isiaka Adeleke, Hussein had been represented by the ruling party, the All Progressives Congress (APC), for the rerun election, “but because the water project he had facilitated to the community during his first term was seen as a scam, the people said, no way.”
Meanwhile, the superintendent at the community’s dam has revealed that with the construction of the water scheme, the pipes laid from the dam to the community had been destroyed by the contractor. He said: “Even if there is power supply it will be difficult to supply water because of the damage done to the pipes when they were laying their own pipes.”
In the same vein, at Iloro area of Ipetu-Ijesha, just a few metres away from Grammar School Road, location of the community’s own water plant, an ND I student of the Federal Polytechnic, Offa, Kwara State, Aduragbemi Idris, was guarding jealously a padlocked well.
She denied knowledge of any public water scheme in the neighbourhood, saying her uncle and owner of the house, reluctantly locked the well because of the pressure from the public.
Similarly, the Regent was livid with anger, as he showed our reporter his well within his own compound.
Chief Olayinka explained: “When they were laying the pipes, they fixed them in the wrong side and I told them that the side would not be good for the pipes due to the telegraphic poles. They didn’t take my advice, but after they had laid the pipes for about a month, they heeded my advice and moved to the other side. Later, we didn’t see them again.
“So, people are back to the streams as it was the practice in the olden days. We are just lucky that our people are not affected by water-borne diseases. Of course, it is now an abandoned project, and that is sad. This is because some of the ‘honourables’ (National Assembly members representing the state) who started the project are no longer in government. The new ones are now embarking on new projects individually, which are also already being abandoned.”
But when New Telegraph visited the plant at Ipetu-Ijesha, a security guard on duty, Mr. Adeleke Faleti, explained that the facility had been operational since 2016 till sometimes in November 2017, when it developed mechanical fault.
Faleti, who is an employee of Evermore Securities, a private security company, explained that apart from the challenges posed by erratic power supply and non-availability of diesel, the facility had served the few available ‘town tap points’ until it developed problems.
He said: “The engineer in charge is not on ground, and I am aware he has written to the state to complain about the mechanical faults developed by some machines.”
Also, a civil servant who lives in Ila-Orangun but craved anonymity, said apart from the four tap points sited at the water plant, there was no other public tap point within the vicinity that he was aware of.
The plant, which is located at the College High School area, in the community, serves only the people living within the neighbourhood.
“I cannot even attempt to fetch from the well in my house because it is too deep, and can take five minutes to get a single bowl of water. So, I have to drive to the water plant to fetch into jerrycans, at least every two days,” the source explained.
Osun State Water Corporation kicks, rejects projects
Embittered by the poor work done allegedly by the contractor, the state Water Corporation rejected the projects at Ila-Orangun and Ife-Odan. It said the water yields at the two sites were grossly inadequate due to the shoddy jobs done.
The corporation’s Deputy General Manager, Operations and Production, Mr. Ademola Odejide, an engineer, said the three projects were handed over to the corporation in February 2017, but after a careful study, those located at Ila-Orangun and Ife-Odan were returned to the agency for correction of all identified defects.
Odejide said: “Immediately we received the projects we wrote down our observations and recommendations, but our memo did not get to the governor on time because he was not around.
“But as soon as we received the go-ahead, only the Ipetu-Ijesha got our approval, so we sent back all the documents handed over to us for Ila-Orangun and Ife-Odan with the instruction that they should go and correct all the defects. We recommended a better industrial borehole for Ila-Orangun and raw water supply at Ife-Odan because the boreholes sunk could hardly yield 20 per cent.”
According to Odejide, the Ila-Orangun scheme is later provided with the required industrial borehole but the Ife-Odan project was now being linked to the dam, which hasn’t been completed.
But another officer of the corporation, who craved anonymity, explained that the problem with the project is that both the OORBDA and the contractors failed to do their due diligence. According to him, researches have shown that borehole water in a basement complex terrain like Osun State cannot yield the required volume of water to serve a whole community.
“You know, in engineering, when something is not in your field, you can hardly know it; OORBDA is only known for dam, not for water supply. In fact, the Federal Ministry of Water Resources carried out a survey on water projects, which indicates that there are so many boreholes being drilled across the state especially in our own area, which are not yielding desired results because of the differences between the basement complex terrain and sedimentary basin.
“In Lagos, and parts of Ogun, borehole can easily yield required volume of water because it is a sedimentary basin. But these contractors don’t like to hear this. In fact, the contractors had in the past threatened to eliminate some of us, saying we are running them down. When the National Assembly invited some of our officers for explanation on the matter, because we explained all this, the contractor, which we later learnt is a federal lawmaker, threatened to ‘waste’ us.
“The current Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly owns the company that handled the Ila-Orangun and Ife-Odan projects. It is a secret arrangement between him and the contract awarding agency because it is against the law. Even, most of his colleagues who facilitated the projects didn’t know this until more than three years after, when the projects began to constitute problems,” the source said.
Search for contractors begins
Apart from the Ipetu-Ijesha project where the carcass of a billboard indicating the contractor’s name and other details could be found standing filthily on the wall of the plant’s fence, there is nothing to link the Ila-Orangun and Ife-Odan projects to their handlers. This informed New Telegraph to approach the OORBDA, as the contract supervising agency, for the details of the projects.
Ogun-Oshun River Basin Development Authority (OORBDA) responds
At a brief meeting held in January with our correspondent at the office of its Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Olufemi Odumosu, in Abeokuta, Ogun State, the Ogun-Oshun River Basin Development Authority suggested to formalise its response to New Telegraph’s enquiries, saying further communication could be established afterwards.
Thus, in a tersely-worded letter, dated January 18, 2018, and addressed to New Telegraph, it explained that after competitive bidding processes, two companies were awarded the contracts in 2012. They are Sabbyn Nigeria Limited, an oil and gas company, and Nur and Company Nigeria Limited, an engineering company.
The letter, which was signed by Odumosu, also stated the locations awarded to each of the two firms and the amount approved for each of the projects, adding that the duration for the execution of the projects was 12 months.
It said the Ipetu-Ijesha project was handled by Sabbyn Nigeria Limited while the ones located at Ife-Odan and Ila-Orangun were awarded to Nur and Company Nigeria Limited.
The letter reads in part: “The contract award process was in line with the provisions of the Procurement Act 2007.”
However, the agency failed to supply other vital information including the details of the bidding processes, registration numbers of the selected companies, how money was paid to the contractors, reasons for the alleged abandonment of the projects, allegation of poor productivity, among others.
The agency had initially claimed its officers could no longer lay their hands on the projects’ documents because “it was a long time it worked on the files,” but following unrelenting requests from our correspondent, on January 31, 2018, the agency’s Public Relations Officer, Mr. Saliu Adeniyi, sent the registration numbers and the addresses of the two companies via text messages.
CAC links Deputy Speaker to Nur & Company Nigeria Limited
Unlike the Sabbyn Nigeria Limited, which details were easily accessed on the internet, the details of Nur and Company Nigeria Limited, which executed both the Ife-Odan and Ila-Orangun projects, seemed to have been shrouded in secrecy, as the name could not be traced anywhere. It has no website, contact details, or even a social media account.
Its address at Plot 8, Impressive Close, off Dosumu Street, Agidingbi, Ikeja, Lagos, as reportedly quoted on its application document for the bidding exercise, belongs to a different owner entirely. The issue of this address alone caused more controversies than could be imagined, leading to the death of an octogenarian over the fraudulent acts of some alleged individuals.
But the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC) helped in no small measure to unravel the mystery surrounding the owners of the companies, including the Nur and Company Nigeria Limited, which is owned by Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives, Mr. Lasun Yusuff.
The deputy speaker, according to our findings, used his personal company to secure the two projects, even as investigations also revealed that the high ranking parliamentarian failed to execute these projects as specified by the awarding agency.
Deputy Speaker keeps mum
The series of New Telegraph’s enquiries sent to the Deputy Speaker, Hon. Lasun Yusuff, through his media aides, including his Special Adviser (Media), Mrs. Lara Owoeye-Wyse, were unanswered.
However, upon receiving New Telegraph’s letter, which was submitted to Owoeye-Wyse on January 9, the deputy speaker’s Chief Press Secretary, Mr. Wole Oladimeji, called our reporter on Thursday, January 11, on behalf of his boss to deny any knowledge of the projects. But when asked whether he had raised the matter with his boss before giving defence, Oladimeji said no, and promised to revert. He has since not got back to New Telegraph till date.
Meanwhile, in the second part of this report, many interesting twists about the whole issue will be revealed.
Sabbyn Nigeria Limited found
Locating Sabbyn Nigeria Limited, which handled the Ipetu-Ijesha mini-water scheme, wasn’t a difficult task. A simple search on the internet revealed the company’s website, its owner, and contact details. Its Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Abayomi Collins, an engineer, had represented Ifo/Ewekoro Federal Constituency in the House of Representatives between 1999 and 2007. He was Chairman, House Committees on Petroleum Resources, National Planning and Economy, and Water Resources.
Collins took time to explain his own side of the story, insisting that his company executed the project to specifications and that all rules were followed to the letter.
He said: “This project was handed over, inaugurated and was operational. We have certificates to prove this. When you complete such a project you are first given a mechanical completion certificate. Every system, generator, water and other things were certified okay. And it was handed over to Osun State Water Corporation because it is the end beneficiary.
“We completed the project in 2015 and men of the Osun State Water Corporation came to the site to understudy the situation. But officially, it was taken over in June 2016, which was even pretty long. People in the town can confirm that as far back as 2015, they were receiving water far away, where we terminated the pipeline at the Osun State University campus in the town, which is the remotest part of the reticulation network.”
Collins added that after the expiration of the six-month-defect-liability period, his company was discharged of any liability to the project.
“As a matter of fact, we were discharged completely in 2016, and since then we have been requesting for the payment of our own five per cent retention fee which was N26.7 million. Up till now, they have only paid marginally N8 million,” he said.
Asked why an oil and gas company would be awarded a water project, Collins explained that his company provided services to oil and gas, and that water service was also one of them. “So, it is part of the services we render. The company is registered with CAC. I am ready to open books for you on this.”
Collins also responded to the delay in the execution of the project. “This is typical of government projects. Projects progress as funding is made available in yearly budgets. We have several government projects with Federal Capital Development Authority (FCDA), Federal Ministry of Water Resources, Ogun-Oshun River Basin Development Authority, which have not been funded in the last four years. We will only be able to continue when they are funded.”
•This is the first part of an investigative budget tracking report with the support of Macarthur Foundation and the International Centre for Investigative Reporting (ICIR)
Banks’ contract staff: Slaving for peanuts
To cut cost in the face of dwindling economy and stiff competition, financial institutions hire contract staff who earn peanuts. But this has jacked up fraud in the banking industry, reports TONY CHUKWUNYEM
Until January 31, Chinyere Amadi was a contract worker with one of Nigeria’s tier one banks.
Nowadays, she sits at home, taking care of her 11-month-old baby and thinking of what job to apply for or what business to do to support her husband who, according to her, is finding it increasingly difficult relying on his meagre monthly salary to take care of his young family.
“Given my husband’s situation, I sometimes feel that, perhaps, I should not have resigned from the bank. But I had reached a point where I could no longer continue working as ‘a contract staff ’ in that organisation.
“Despite the fact that my husband is finding it difficult to support us with his poor salary, he fully backed my decision to quit,” she said.
Chinyere attributed her departure from the bank to the fact that not only was her monthly salary of N64,000 hardly sufficient to relieve the burden on her husband, her job as a contract worker was so tasking that it had begun to negatively impact her ability to look after her baby.
Indeed, she said that she spent three weeks in the hospital last December as her baby was admitted for an ailment which had become quite serious because her work schedule made it impossible for her to detect the problem before it got complicated.
Slavery She said: “The job required that I leave home as early as 5.30a.m., to return sometimes as late as after 10p.m. We were also expected to be at work on Saturdays so there was very little time for us, especially nursing mothers, to spend with our families.”
The young mother, who graduated with a Second Class Upper degree in Economics from the Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, in 2010, disclosed that although she knew about the challenges of being a bank contract worker in this country, she had reluctantly taken up the appointment in 2014 when no other offer was forthcoming.
She said: “I did not initially want the job as it was common knowledge that despite having almost the same qualifications, contract staff earn far less than their colleagues who are employed on a permanent basis. But I had little choice because at that time, the most common opening for young graduates in the banking industry was being employed as a contract worker.
“However, it did not take me long to discover that the job was a form of slavery. We (contract staff) hardly have any breathing space; you cannot take or receive calls on your mobile phones while you are at work and getting permission to attend to urgent personal matters is a big problem.”
Amadi added that those who had permanent employment usually look down on the contract staff. “Apart from the tough work schedule, the insults and abuse that we frequently suffer in the hands of bosses who just wanted to show that they don’t have the same employment status with us can be so annoying that many people chose the option of quitting instead of being provoked into doing something rash.
“You can imagine that while the permanent staff who clearly don’t work as hard as contract workers earn about N150,000, we were paid N64,000.
Besides, while permanent staff are entitled to annual leave and leave allowance, its usually very difficult for contract staff to be granted leave and even then, they receive no allowance whatsoever,” she added.
Amadi emphasised that although she was yet to find another job and was having a tough time raising funds to start a business, she really did not regret resigning from the bank. 32,359 bank contract staff
However, it would seem that the likes of Amadi who have the courage to resign are quite few as data released by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) in February shows that as at December 31, 2017, no fewer than 32,359 staff in the banking industry were employed on contract basis, accounting for 35.8 per cent of total bank staff, which stood at 90,453.
The NBS in its Selected Banking Sector Data for the fourth quarter of 2017 reveals that the number of contract staff in banks had consistently grown to 32,359 in the last quarter of last year.
Specifically, the report shows that banks had gradually increased their number of contract staff from 20,237 in the first quarter to 21,837 in the second quarter and 27,032 in the third quarter before increasing it by 19.71 per cent in the fourth quarter.
The report further shows that the number of executive staff of banks dropped from 197 in the third quarter to 188 by the end of last year, while the number of senior executives had dropped by 3,852 from 20,420 to 16,568 as at December 2017. Also, in the last three months of 2017, the number of executive and senior staff of banks declined by 4.57 per cent and 18.86 per cent respectively.
Cost cutting Analysts point out that banks began to increasingly employ contract staff and reducing hir-ing of executive and senior staff as part of aggressive cost cutting measures introduced in the wake of the crisis which hit the industry in the last decade.
The crises, which led the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) to take over several lenders that were close to going under, resulted in massive job cuts in the industry with the departing staff being replaced with younger contract staff, who were ready to receive salaries that were less than half of what permanent employees were getting.
How it works New Telegraph findings show that banks adopted the strategy of outsourcing the hiring of contract staff to firms which usually have some form of close relationship with the lenders. For instance, the firms could be owned directly or indirectly by a relative/associate of a top shareholders or executive director of the bank.
Although the hired contract staff are seconded to the banks, these firms undertake all the processes required in the hiring of the contract staff, including advertising vacancies, conducting tests/interviews and issuing employment letters.
Also, in the event that the bank complains about the worker’s conduct, the person will not be sacked, but will be simply sent back to his or her employer. Industry sources said that while lenders pay outsourcing firms huge amounts for hiring contract staff, these companies pay the workers small salaries despite the challenging tasks they perform in the banks.
Rising fraud Interestingly, regulators have attributed the rising rate of fraud and forgery cases in the banking industry to the increasing number of contract staff employed by banks.
For instance, in the last few years, the Managing Director and Chief Executive of the Nigeria Deposit Insurance Corporation (NDIC), Alhaji Umaru Ibrahim, has been repeatedly warning banks against the use of outsourced staff, pointing out that in 2015, over 75 per cent of fraud cases in the banking sector was traced to outsourced bank staff.
Last year, he revealed that bank examination reports indicated that the high incidence of fraud and forgeries in the banking system was linked to outsourced or contract staff.
The NDIC boss also stated that in as much as regulators appreciated the necessity for banks to cut costs, it was incumbent on all stakeholders to fashion out capacity building and other strategies to motivate all employees to contribute positively rather than engaging in criminal acts that impact adversely on the entire banking system.
Ibrahim told finance and business journalists in Ilorin in October 2015 that 64 per cent of fraudulent activities in the banking industry in 2014 were traced to temporary staff of banks.
Similarly, two years ago, the CBN Director, Banking and Payments System Department, Mr. Dipo Fatokun, disclosed that the apex bank had advised lenders to desist from giving sensitive banking roles to contract staff as they might not have a stake in the financial institution.
He said: “A temporary staff may not have a stake in the bank so to say. So, it is encouraged that if they have staff that are not permanent, they should not give them responsibilities or roles that will expose them to critical functions of a bank.
“If you are giving somebody an authority to approve transactions of high magnitude and he does not have a stake in your bank, then you are already exposing yourself. So, this has been going on and I believe many banks understand the need to rely on their key staff for major duties. That is one of the reasons the fraud attempts have been rising, but the value lost declining.”
However, findings by New Telegraph indicate that despite these warnings, banks not only continue to hire contract staff, but have started assigning these employees to sensitive roles that were previously reserved for full time or permanent staff.
An industry source attributed the development to the increasing need for banks to cut costs in the face of a tough economy and rising competition. The source said: “Before now, contract staff were not assigned to Automated Teller Machine (ATM) watch duties.
You will also hardly find them being told to perform customer service duties. But all that has changed. Also, in the past, most banks usually set a maximum value of between N200,000 and N500,000 as the limit for risky transactions that a contract staff can undertake, but these days, this limit has been raised to N1 million.”
According to fraud statistics contained in the latest Nigerian Electronic Fraud Report, which was prepared by the Banking and Systems Payment Department of CBN, the banking industry recorded 31,736 fraud cases involving N16.5 billion between January 2014 and December 2016.
The study shows that the frauds were perpetrated through various payment channels such as Across the Counter, ATMs, cheques and electronic-commerce platforms. Others are Internet banking, mobile banking, Point-of-Sale and web transactions.
The report states that in the last three years, there had been more attempts in the number of fraud cases, adding that the development could be linked to the tough economy. Commenting on the issue of banks’ hiring of contract staff, a management consultant, Mr. Dafe Edeki, blamed the situation on the country’s sluggish economy, which, according to him, continues to drive cost minimisation by companies. He said: “The banks are not exploiting the contract staff; it’s strictly business.
Any organisation that wants to stay competitive would take advantage of the demand and supply gap in the labour market by offering small salaries because there are millions of people who are ready to do that job for half the pay. Anyone who is not comfortable with the terms of employment should not sign the employment letter.”
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