With over N127 billion being lost to cybercrimes in its various manifestations annually, the Nigeria Internet Registration Association (NiRA) has offered a number of tips on how Internet users can avoid falling victims of Internet scam this year.
In a document endorsed by the National President of NIRA, Mr. Sunday Folayan, a copy of which was made available to New Telegraph, the Internet body discussed some important knowledge needed by the people to avoid scan and towards ensuring high domain name ethics.
According to Folayan, understanding the rudiments of domain name ethics is crucial to the registrant when it comes to the registration of domain names and to the visitors of any website in the use of the right domain names.
“The knowledge of Domain Name System (DNS) is very important as this knowledge will guide and guard online users from falling prey to online/internet fraudsters.
Because the domain name ecosystem is vast, we need to bear in mind that ethics is a personal set of principles,” he said.
However, Afolayn said, people, due to different backgrounds, share vast opinions on what is ethical and what is unethical, just as he said certain people, sometimes, deliberately aim to mislead and defraud others.
Citing a recent case, Folayan said: “Recently, towards the Yuletide Season and towards the New Year, the gimmick introduced by the Internet fraudsters included creating sub-domain names of popular domain names and some ecommerce websites to direct people to those fraudulent website domains.
These sub-domains of popular websites were widely circulated via WhatsApp during the festive season with interesting massages, telling you to claim some unrealistic gifts. Unknown to many, these were scam messages.”
He said it is, therefore, important to educate the populace on these and other activities to be aware of. Going technical, he said: “To explained some of these DNS terminologies, TLD stands for Top Level Domain. The TLDs tell you more of the type of websites you are visiting and what the domain represent.
There are two types of TLDs: generic TLDs (gTLDs) and country code TLDs (ccTLDs).
“A ccTLD, usually two characters of the Latin alphabet, is an Internet Top Level domain name generally used and/ or reserved for a country, sovereign state or independent country identified with a country code. “Amongst the ccTLDs, representing countries of the world, there is the .ng country code Top Level Domain (.ng ccTLD), representing Nigeria.
For each country, there is only one ccTLD. The exceptions to the country specific domain extensions are the countries with IDN-ccTLDs (internationalised country code top-level domains).”
Folayan explained that since the Internet Corporation for Assigned names and Numbers (ICANN) opened up new generic Top Level Domains (gTLDs), there have been more than 1,000 top-level domains (TLDs) for Internet addresses.
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