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ALSCON: Ending a deadlock




The signing of Share Purchase Agreement (SPA) between Bureau of Public Enterprises (BPE) and UC Rusal, which recognised the latter as the core investor in aluminum smelter firm, ALSCON, has ended a decade of deadlocked litigation that crippled the Akwa Ibom-based firm. ABDULWAHAB ISA reports


Save for the recent amicable resolution, Akwa-Ibom-based Aluminium Smelter Company of Nigeria (ALSCON) located in Ikot Abasi was a thorn in the flesh of Bureau of Public Enterprises (BPE).
Its nightmares were shared by other stakeholders, the host community and feuding core investors locked in legal battle with the Federal Government over ownership dispute. To them, ALSCON was a burden that must be expeditiously resolved.
The journey
ALSCON was incorporated in 1989 with the Federal Government of Nigeria, Ferrostaal of Germany and Reynolds Incorporated of America as shareholders on an equity holding of 70 per cent, 20 per cent and 10 per cent respectively.
The company was established with clear cut objectives to utilise and enhance the country’s gas reserve and discourage gas flaring in the Niger Delta.
Its broad terms include establishing a self-reliant aluminium factory, provide employment to Nigerians and impact technical and develop trained technical manpower, to conserve and earn foreign exchange by meeting local aluminium demands, and aid the development of aluminium downstream industries.
Hitherto, the firm was under the purview of Ministry of Industries until 1991 when it was handed over to the then Ministry of Mines, Power and Steel to manage.
The plant, designed to produce 197,000 metric tonnes of aluminium ingots and billets per annum, commenced production on October 15, 1997.
Failed privatisation
ALSCON enjoyed uninterrupted production, hitting production target before a snap on June 6, 1999. The major factors that accounted for production pack up included irreconcilable differences between Ferrostaal and Reynolds, lack of working capital, insufficient gas supply and non-dredging of Imo River among others.
To break the jinx and restart production, ALSCON was listed in the 2nd phase of the privatisation programme in the Privatisation and Commercialisation Act of 1999.
In September 2002, the Bureau of Public Enterprises (BPE) commenced the privatization process and requested for core investors to express interest in acquiring the Federal Government’s shares. Five companies expressed interest in acquiring the firm. They were ALCOA Inc. of America; Glencore AG of Switzerland; UC Rusal of Russia; ALCAN of Canada and Ferrostaal AG of Germany
After the due diligence, only UC Rusal and Ferrostaal submitted technical and financial bids. Ferrostaal was, however, disqualified by BPE for submitting conditional bids.
This left UC Rusal as the only qualified bidder and the process was therefore aborted.
The process was restarted in 2004. BPE invited interested companies to bid for ALSCON majority stake of which only BFI Group and UC RUSAL satisfied the initial pre-qualification requirements.
BFI Group emerged the preferred bidder with a bid price offer of $410 million, while UC Rusal was disqualified for submitting a conditional bid.
However, BFI Group failed to meet the deadline of July 8, 2004 for the payment of 10 per cent of the bid and was therefore disqualified. Consequently, BPE reopened negotiations  with UC Rusal on the basis of a negotiated sale strategy (otherwise known as willing-buyer-willing-seller).
UC Rusal won the FGN equity as core investor and the transaction was approved by the National Council on Privatisation. BPE subsequently handed over ALSCON to UC Rusal at a bid price of $250 million with $120 million out of the total sum set aside for the dredging of Imo River.
Legal battles
In September 2004, the core investor-BFI Group, dragged BPE before an Abuja High Court for overturning its victory and handing over ALSCON to UC Rusal.
The Federal High Court decided the case in favour of BPE, but BFIG appealed and also lost at the appeal court. BFI Group then took the case to the Supreme Court.
However, in between the period, UC RUSAL commenced production in 2008, but insufficient gas supply to the smelter as well as staff agitation due to non-payment of the balance of their terminal benefit amounting to N2.3 billion constituted a major challenge among others to the smooth operation of the plant.
On July 6, 2012, the Supreme Court revoked the sale of ALSCON to UC Rusal and reinstated BFI Group as preferred bidder for ALSCON.
The Supreme Court ordered inter alia (1) “An order of specific performance is hereby decreed directing the Defendant/Respondent (BPE) to provide the mutually agreed Share Purchase Agreement for execution by the parties to enable the Plaintiff/Appellant (BFIG Group) pay 10% of the accepted bid price of US$410 Million (i.e. the sum of US$41Million) within 15 working days from the date of execution of SPA in accordance with the agreement dated 20/5/2004 and 90% bid price shall be paid within 90 calendar days.”
ii) “An order for the Defendant/Respondent to accept payment of the 10 per cent of the bid price from the appellant within 15 days from the date of signing the Share Purchase Agreement (SPA).”
iii) An order of Perpetual Injunction restraining the Defendant/Respondent (BPE), its servants, agent, privies, management or howsoever called from inviting any further bidding for the sale and acquisition of ALSCON in violation of the contract between the Plaintiff/Appellant and the Defendant/Respondent and/or from negotiating to sell, selling, transferring or otherwise handing over ALSCON to any person or persons in violation of the contract between the Plaintiff/Appellant and the Defendant.”
The transaction for the core investor sale of ALSCON to BFIG was terminated after the expiration of the deadline of March 18, 2013 given to them to sign the SPA and pay 10 per cent of the bid price as ordered by the Supreme Court. BPE reinstated UC RUSAL again as the core investor in ALSCON.
Meanwhile, BFI Group has again gone back to court to compel BPE to reinstate them in ALSCON and the court has ruled in their favour, but BPE has filed an appeal and the case is yet to be determined.
As a result of the uncertainty created by the Judgment and the delay to resolve the case, UC Rusal and ALSCON has been suffering grave damages, as most developmental projects at the smelter have been put on hold. ALSCON/RUSAL is incurring enormous losses having to maintain the plant and staff without being in operation. Consequently, the company retrenched most of the workforce in order to minimise losses.
Finding a solution
To navigate the firm from the shores of protracted crisis, Minister of Mines and Steel Development, Dr. Kayode Fayemi, and the BPE worked assiduously to bring the firm back to its feet. BPE sent a memo to the Vice President, Prof Yemi Osinbajo, to invite the parties with a view to reconciling them. Several mediatory meetings were held, some at the ministerial level to explore both administrative and political approaches to resolving this impasse to enable ALSCON realise and optimise its potential to the benefit of the nation.
At the meeting of the NCP held in August 2017, the council approved an out of court settlement to resolve the lingering dispute between the FGN, BFIG AND UC Rusal through mediation with the active collaboration of Ministry of Mines and Steel Development.
Subsequently, BPE provided the SPA to BFIG for execution in compliance with the order of the Supreme Court and asked BFIG to provide a business plan as required in the SPA and to execute the SPA within a period of seven days as contained in the judgment of the Supreme Court.
Again, BFIG failed to execute the SPA as ordered by the Supreme Court and could not meet the terms of the transaction by close of business on Tuesday, October 3, 2017 (making it the 3rd time the company has failed to meet terms of this transaction), indicating lack of good faith to resolve the impasse.
The renewed Share Purchase Agreement was signed during a brief ceremony at the Ministry of Mines and Steel Development, Abuja, witnessed by Fayemi; Minister of State, Hon Abubakar Bawa Bwari; Director General, Bureau of Public Enterprise (BPE), Alex Okoh; Russian Ambassador to Nigeria, Nickolai Udovichenko; CEO/Member of the Board of Directors UC Rusal, Vladislav Soloviev; Managing Director ALSCON, Dmitry Zavyaiov; and Head of Legal, UC Rusal, Piter Maxsimov.
Speaking at the event, Fayemi said President Mohammadu Buhari was keen on seeing to the conclusion of the agreement as soon as possible so that the company could get back on its feet and Nigeria and Russia can strengthen the historical partnership between the two countries.
The Drector General, BPE, Alex Okoh, in his remarks, commended the efforts of Fayemi and his commitment in ensuring the success of the negotiation.
The BPE boss said he was optimistic that the remaining issues would be resolved both on the legal side as well the technical and production issues, adding that government still retained 20 per cent equity in the firm.
Ambassador Nickolai Udovichenko, who led the Russian Government delegation to the event, thanked the Nigerian Government for resolving the impasse, while also lauding the efforts of the minister. He described the development as a new beginning for the two countries.
On his part, The traditional ruler of Ikot Abasi, His Royal Majesty, Edidem U.J Ntuk Obom XII, urged the Federal Government to do everything possible to ensure that ALSCON is revitalised so that economic prosperity of the town could return.
The monarch said ALSCON was the life wire of the community, stressing that the company gave the community 24-hour power supply, employments and awarded scholarships to its students.
Last line
ALSCON’s journey has been a tortuous one, no doubt. However, it is reassuring to know it ended on a pleasant note with the hurdles, hitherto, stalling production uprooted, a new dawn sets in for ALSCON .

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Telecoms’ GDP leaps to 1.8% growth




From a decline of -3.28 per cent in the fourth quarter of 2017, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth rate in Nigeria’s telecommunications sub-sector jumped to 1.8 per cent in the first quarter of this year, New Telegraph has learnt.

This, according to latest data from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), shows a general improvement in the Information and Communication sector.

The telecoms and information services, which come under the Information and Communication sector in the NBS’ categorisation of economic activities, had in the last three quarters recorded negative growth rate as it fell by 1.9 per cent in second quarter 2017. In the third quarter of same year, it also went down by -5.68 per cent. By fourth quarter, the sector still went down by -3.28, even at the time when the overall GDP growth rate of the country looked positive.

However, the telecoms sector has shown remarkable signs of growth since the beginning of this year as subscriber data continue to surge.

Analysis of active mobile subscriptions in the first three months of the year shows that the telecom operators added 4.2 million subscribers within the period. Data subscriptions on the four GSM networks also crossed the 100 million mark in January and have maintained a steady growth.

The Information and Communication sector is composed of the four activities of Telecommunications and Information Services; Publishing; Motion Picture, Sound Recording and Music Production and Broadcasting. In nominal terms, the first quarter of 2018 saw the sector grow by 1.79 per cent (year-on-year) , a 7.25 per cent points decrease from the rate of 9.04 per cent recorded in the same quarter of 2017. However, it is 2.34 per cent points higher than rate recorded in the preceding quarter. The quarter-on-quarter growth rate was 3.58 per cent. The Information and Communications sector contributed 10.64 per cent to total Nominal GDP in the 2018 first quarter, lower than the rate of 11.43 per cent recorded in the same quarter of 2017 but higher than the 10.04 per cent it contributed in the preceding quarter.

The sector, in the first quarter of 2018, recorded a growth rate of 1.58 per cent in real terms, year-on-year. From the rate recorded in the corresponding period of 2017, there was a decline by 1.15 per cent points. Quarter on quarter, the sector exhibited a growth of –4.15 per cent in real terms. Of total real GDP, the sector contributed 12.41 per cent in 2018 first quarter, lower than in the same quarter of the previous year in which it represented 12.46 per cent but higher than the preceding quarter, in which it represented 11.35 per cent.

Analysts see the growth rate as a positive sign of more economic activities in the sector, leading to job creations and increased contribution to the economy.

Citing the NBS statistics, Executive Vice Chairman, Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC), Prof. Umar Danbatta recently disclosed that the telecoms sector in the first quarter of 2017 contributed N1.45 trillion to the GDP, adding that in the second quarter, the figure rose to N1.549 trillion.

“This performance at a period of recession is very remarkable,” he said. “We are keeping dates with the NBS to identify and track how these trends progress. On the aggregate, the telecoms industry’s contribution to GDP in Nigeria stands at 10 per cent.

“But the figures may not tell the entire story. Investments in the sector, in human and material resources, have continued to soar. In 2001, the telecom sector could boast of a mere $50 million worth of investments but as at September 2017, we have investments worth $70 billion. The Value Added Services (VAS), segment of the telecom market in Nigeria today is worth $200 million and is estimated to grow to $500 million by 2021. The industry has provided both direct and indirect employment opportunities, accentuated growth and expansion.”

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Reps probe Pencom over alleged financial mismanagement



The House of Representatives has resolved to investigate the National Pension Commission (PENCOM) over alleged reckless financial management of retirees’ funds and infraction on the public procurement Law. The House has consequently mandated its committee on public procurement and pensions to carry out a comprehensive investigation on alleged monumental fraud ongoing at the commission.


The decision followed the passage of a motion sponsored by Hon. Zakariya Galadima on the “need to investigate the alleged violation of provisions of the public procurement Act and financial mismanagement by the National Pension Commission (PENCOM)” During debate, the legislators faulted the commission over several financial infractions as against the principles and objectives of the provisions of the Pension Reform Act, which required the commission to collect and utilize fees, levies and penalties prudently in accordance with its regulatory and compliance roles. For instance, part of the 2014 Act authorizes PENCOM to invest the retiree funds in order to generate revenue but the lawmakers are worried that such investments powers of the agency have been grossly eroded by financial abuses.


In his lead debate, Galadima faulted the agency over several financial mismanagement while expressing worry that PENCOM engaged in fraudulent practice by investing N1billion into Aso Savings and Loans Plc under its investments portfolio at a ridiculously low interest rates and further directed Aso to lend the money to MGSL Mortgage Bank Limited where a top PENCOM management staff has interest.

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Confectionery firm hosts BBNaija ex-housemates



Infusion Cakes & Cafe, a Lagos-based confectionery firm, has hosted ex-housemates of the reality TV show, Big Brother Nigeria (BBNaija), in a meet and greet session in Lagos recently.

Founder and chief executive of Infusion Cakes & Cafe, Mrs. Ibigbeye Okobi, in a statement, said the company decided to host the BBNaija ex-housemates because: “We really enjoyed the free spirit they exhibited, how natural they were and how they were able to get Nigerians to actually get engaged in everything they did while in the house.”

Okobi said the management of Infusion Cakes & Cafe also felt that the location of the company in the highbrow Lekki area of Lagos would serve as an excellent platform for Nigerians who were keen to meet the ex-housemates, get to know and interact with them in a friendly and hospitable environment to really appreciate them.

Infusion Cakes & Cafe is a modern bakery and cafe where customers can get a combination of international and locally made cakes, coffee, pastries and desserts for refreshment, weddings and special occasions like birthdays and anniversaries, among others.

The highlight of the event was a competition for the decoration of cakes. Participants in the competition included the reigning Miss Nigeria, Miss Mildred Peace Ehiguese; one of the BBNaija ex-housemates, Anto; and a representative of Team Definition, a band of musical artistes which entertained guests at the session.

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