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Inside Abuja

Living dangerously under high tension cables



The Abuja Metropolitan Management Agency (AMMC) recently served demolition notices on some residents said to have violated the Abuja Mater Plan by building their home under high tension electricity cables. CALEB ONWE, who visited some of these communities, reports


It is a universally accepted principle that for any significant progress to be made in life, people must take risks. However, what must be uppermost in the mind of a person is the implications of the risk. It should be a calculated risk.
Ironically, sometimes, Nigerians overstretch their capacity to take risks. They go beyond logical bounds, which often leads to action that would make one begin to wonder whether they are divinely endowed with death-proofs.
In fact, the risk-taking quotient of some Nigerians sometimes reach a certain crescendo that compels them to seek for comfort and survival in unusual places including danger zones, without considering the health and environmental implications of their actions.

It is often said that life has no duplicate, yet some Nigerians will under the guise of looking for shelter construct a house under high tension electrical installations.
Inside Abuja recently paid a visit to some communities in Lugbe, one of the satellite towns on the fringes of the Umar Yar’ Adua Expressway, a 10 lane road that leads to Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport Abuja.
The visit was prompted by the demolition notice which the Abuja Metropolitan Management Agency (AMMC) served on some communities that have for a very long time thrown caution to the wind, to seek comfort and survival in danger zone. The affected communities include the Lugbe building material market, Tudun Wada village and some mass housing estates.

While AMMC claim that these communities have contravened some development regulations of the Federal Capital Territory, the affected communities have a counter-claim that government officials failed to do the proper thing from the beginning.
Inside Abuja, while on fact finding mission to the affected communities to verify the conflicting claims, discovered that while there are new housing development extending beyond the 30 meters distance which experts said was a standard safety measure to such high profile danger zone, there are houses that were built on the axis of the high tension installations, before the electricity installations were contemplated by government.

Some of these ‘dangerous’ risk-takers, like the traders at Lugbe Building Materials Market, and some residents of Tudun Wada, said they were still hanging on the zone not because they lacked the understanding of how risky it is to stay close to electricity installations, but want the government to compensate them and give them an alternative location.
Minister of the FCT, Mallam Mohammad Bello, had before now declared that he would remain committed to the dream of the founding fathers of Abuja.

Though, the minister has refrained from following the legacy of his predecessors who often disobeyed court orders in carrying out demolition of illegal structures, the minister was said to have expressed bitterness that people would comfortably build and live in houses constructed under a high tension electrical installation.
As the 17th minister to manage the affairs of the Capital City, Bello had always shown the zeal to hold sacrosanct the integrity of the Abuja Master plan, but want to follow due process in clearing illegal structures, and that may be why the ‘dangerous’ risk takers living under the high tension power line have lasted there this long.
Coordinator of AMMC, Umar Shuiabu, who had earlier mobilized the Department of Development Control of the Council

to demolish several illegal shanties at the some locations around the town, reinforced by the success recorded by the exercise, had vowed to continue until the buildings under the power lines are cleared.
According to Shuiabu: “In continuation of the sensitization of the Federal Capital City, AMMC visited Lugbe and found out that no fewer than 750 illegal shanties were built directly under the high tension in Tudun Wada peace village. All such structures under the electricity facility will soon be removed, including those that breach the legally permitted 30 meters proximity to high tension. Similarly, in Lugbe, the FHA farm market and other structures are to be removed to pave way for Transmission Company of Nigeria( TCN) to start work on a transmission station”.
Inside Abuja learnt that the renewed onslaught against illegal structures in the nation’s capital was prompted by the target allegedly given to all political appointees in Federal Capital Territory by the Minister.
To further justify the demolition exercise, the AMMC Coordinator said: “Abuja is a planned city. So, if we do not control the development in the city, we won’t have met it the way it is today. Abuja is planned to be a garden city, meaning that there are some areas that we reserve for green development, so we won’t allow desecration of whatever manner.

“If we have been leaving illegal developments within the city, this city would have been inhabitable for people. Abuja is the pride of the nation. So, we want to maintain a beautiful city for ourselves. We have a situation where people are given plots for residential purpose, but they convert them into night clubs, so much so that the neighbours are always complaining. We cannot allow them to continue cheating their neighbours, disturbing them in the night and not allowing them to sleep.
“We served them notices but they refused to comply. So, we have no choice but to pull down those structures. We will not stop at removal of all illegal structures across the Territory, but we will submit for relevant measure that is necessary for that type of action. So, it is not only the pulling down, we are now submitting a report, even if it means for the plot to be revoked, because we did not allocate those plots for the use in which they are doing.

“And that is why it is necessary that whenever you plan, you have an area for residential activity. You have an area for commercial activity and have an area for industrial activity. Wherever it is residential, you don’t use it for commercial; wherever it residential, you don’t use it for a hotel or any activity that will injure your neighbours”

Occupants demand compensation
While some of the occupants of this illegal structure understand the high risk involved in the environment where they stay, they are insisting that government must compensate them and relocate them to a ‘ safer’ environment.
Festus Obieze, is the Chairman, Lugbe Building Material Market, one of the affected communities earmarked for the demolition. He told Inside Abuja that FCTA was not fair in the hasty arrangements to demolish the market on the allegation that their trading facilities encroached on the right of way of the power line.
Obieze, said that it would be fair judgement for government to adequately compensate the traders and possibly relocate the market to another place where they will continue to contribute to the building of the nation’s economy.
Inside Abuja gathered that the Lugbe Building Material Market had been operational in that place before 2003 when the high tension power line was constructed.

Obieze also claimed that the traders had been paying revenue to the Abuja Municipal Area Council ( AMAC) and that it would be an act of injustice to remove the market without providing the traders with alternative.
According to him, the traders were not resisting on any move to remove the market, but will resist forceful eviction from the place they have been carrying out their trading before the power line project was ever conceived.
He also confirmed to Inside Abuja that officials of AMMC had hinted them about the demolition plans.

“Sometime last year, some government agents came and told us that we are staying under high tension electrical installations. We were later invited by some FCDA officials for further talks over the matter. The officially informed us that the market would be removed. We told them that it won’t be proper to be displaced without being relocated to another place where we can continue our trading.
“We demanded for compensation because the market has been existing in this place before 2003 when the high tension installations were carried out. When the work started, on our own volition, we decided to remove some of our make shift shops to pave ways for the construction work.

“Nobody was compensated. If they actually compensated anybody, I am not aware. We left FCDA without resolving the matter. Already there is a place we are negotiating with AMAC to be relocated to. We also disclosed to them that we have been paying revenue to AMAC.
“It was AMAC officials that demanded that we pay revenue under the high tension. We started paying revenue to AMAC without any amenities provided for the traders in the market. We pay revenue and yet to not get any form of benefit from the government.

“We negotiated with AMAC officials and agreed that the transport unit of the market, that is the trucks that convey goods in the market should be paying revenue to AMAC instead of our union in the market.
“That was how AMAC started collecting revenue of N50, N100 and N500 respectively from the trucks, depending on the truck capacity and the revenue has been on a daily basis. AMAC wanted us to be paying revenue for the makeshift shops but our union refused. So, we have been hearing of the demolition but we believe that the demolition cannot be carried out without due diligence. Otherwise, there will be trouble if our shops are pulled down without relocating us” Obieze said.

A resident at Tudun Wada village, Madam Esther confirmed that many of the houses at the village were built before the power line project begun. She said that many of the affected residents were not compensated, and because they have no means to relocate, they are still living in the place considered to be unsafe.
She however, denied receiving any demolition notice from AMAC. According to her, their area which is directly under the high tension power line might be spared by the demolition squad.
Like the former respondent, she also stated that it would be fair for government to compensate the affected residents before throwing them out of the place.
One other discovery that would rattle any rational being was the fact that some private schools and church buildings were also cited directly under the high tension power lines without considering that probability of disaster.

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Inside Abuja

Confronting unemployment with skills acquisition



As unemployment continues to fester in the country, governments and other stakeholders, who are bent on winning the battle, have continued to evolve new strategies for more effective attack against the common enemy. CALEB ONWE reports


The creation of three million jobs annually was one of the campaign promises of the All Progressives Congress (APC), the ruling party in Nigeria. Now, the fulfilment of that promise in the fashion that would meet the expectations of the masses, appears not to have been feasible.


The expectations of Nigerians, especially those in the labour market was a magical expansion in availability of white collar jobs in the government establishments, oil companies and other private corporations.


These expectations, however, became a mirage, following ‘ the technical recession’ that almost crippled the economy. Instead of the upsurge in employment opportunities, job losses came like an unwanted harmattan wind, blowing across all sectors of the labour market.


All of a sudden, a new realisation dawned on the stakeholders, that if ” the desirable is not available, the available can become the desirable”. This could be the motivating factor behind the new wave of skills acquisition training that is swiftly blowing across the country.


The realization that the scourge of unemployment would be better tackled by helping people to get relevant skills have started gaining considerable space in the public domain. It appears that both the old and young are seeing the need to change their orientation about employment by laying emphasis on job creation rather than waiting for non existent white collar jobs.



NEPAD’s skills training


The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) Nigeria, recently graduated 300 persons, including rural women and youths in its skills acquisition training programme.


These vulnerable members of the society were trained on various skills such as beads-making, cake-baking, soap-making, hair cutting and make-up artistry.


Coordinator of NEPAD, Nigeria, Mrs. Gloria Akobundu, said the training programme was part of its core mandate. NEPAD, Nigeria, Akobundu said, has a mandate to identify policies, projects and programmes of government aimed at promoting good governance, poverty eradication, youth and women empowerment and sustainable growth and development.


“This skill acquisition training is a way of alleviating poverty in the society and reducing the level of unemployment amongst our youths. It was designed to empower women with information necessary for driving economic development.



“Over 300 of you that have acquired various skills in beads, cake, soap making, make-up and barbing will justify the resources government has spent on you in the course of your training with a view to making sure that government achieve its objectives. However, due to paucity of funds, we would not provide starter-packs for all of you except the 150 participants in beads, cake making make-up and barbing classes who were outstanding during the trainings” , she said.



Akobundu told Inside Abuja at the graduation ceremony, that the main targets of the programme were the rural women, and it was being driven by the ideology of ‘ train a woman, train a nation’, which the present administration in Nigeria believes is one of the propelling forces of economic development.


She said that the skills acquisition training would be sustained as a crucial economic empowerment booster in government’s fight against poverty and insecurity in the country. Akobundu also noted that the programme was designed to provide rural women with information necessary for economic emancipation.


Inside Abuja also learnt that NEPAD had included a plan in the blueprint of the training, to ensure that beneficiaries were not abandoned in the ‘middle of the sea’, especially for those of them who may not be able to navigate the economic environment without a guide.



Akobundu disclosed that her agency has a Department of Monitoring and Evaluation that would track the progress of those trained and empowered to establish at least in a micro scale the trade they have learnt.


Inside Abuja’s investigations revealed that not all the 300 beneficiaries of the training got the starter-packs. According to available records, only 150 best performing participants in the programme got the starter packs.


Akobundu explained that “due to paucity of funds, we would not provide starter-packs for all of you except the 150 participants in beads, cake making make-up and barbing classes who were outstanding during the trainings”



The beneficiaries


Inside Abuja sought the views of some of the participants, who seemed to be happy that the yoke of unemployment have been broken in their lives. Though some expressed mixed feelings, others however were grateful for the opportunity.



Those who were not given the starter- packs, complained bitterly about the exclusion, saying that they were disappointed by not getting something that could boost the knowledge they gained from the training.


Though, they said that the hope of getting either money or material from NEPAD as an initial grant was not lost, they appealed that the value of the training should not be allowed to waste away by neglecting one of their greatest needs, which is access to finance.


One of the beneficiaries of the programme, an 82-year-old woman, Mrs. Rita Onuekwusi, who claimed she spent all her life in Britain, disclosed that her decision to join the skills acquisition training, was not because she lacks entrepreneurial skills, but that she needed to get acquainted with what is obtainable in the Nigerian society.


The octogenarian also said she keyed into the programme to inspire other women who basically waited for their husband’s or children to provide all their needs.


“I joined this programme to inspire other women, who are depending on their husband and children to provide for them always. Such life style is not encouraged in the place where I am coming from. Women should acquire skills that will empower them and make them independent, even at old age. At my age, I have many skills with which I am using to encourage other women,” she said.



Another beneficiary, Ibenene Ebelechukwu, a journalist by profession, said she attended the training to acquire some skills in make-up artistry. She said the training gave her a boost to become her own boss, instead of allowing her time to be controlled by employers.


She told Inside Abuja that she had already established the trade with the knowledge she got from the training. Though, she could not open a shop for the business, but she has attached herself to another makeup artist, just to further hone her skills and products.


“I want to thank NEPAD and the Federal Government for giving us the opportunity to get the training. I don’t have a saloon of my own but have attached to other people and I am already getting calls from customers who are beginning to demand for my services;” she said.



The last line


From Inside Abuja’ observation, most of the beneficiaries of the training may never be able to get loans to start the trade. Though, there was excitement written on their faces over the new skills they acquired, the poverty alleviation process would be not complete if they do not have access to start-up funds to run their small scale businesses.


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Inside Abuja

Saving them from self destruction



Angwan Tivi in Ruga community, a sex den for a good number of men in Abuja, is slowly turning into a HIV-infested den. REGINA OTOKPA reports on a unique case and efforts of a concerned NGO to change the tale of the community


Seventeen-year-old Christiana David (not real name), is five months pregnant and currently infected with the Human Immune Virus (HIV). She is one of the young women engaged in illicit sex trade activities at Angwan Tivi, a settlement within Ruga community in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja.


Growing up like every other child, Christiana never envisaged her life would take this turn until two years ago when her mother, Sarah (not real name), whose husband is late, introduced Christiana and her two sisters into the business of prostitution at the brothel where she has been selling food since 2015.


Showing no remorse her children were involved in such trade, she told Inside Abuja her husband was late and she and her daughters must hustle to survive.


Inside Abuja checks revealed that one of the sisters presently has a child, unsure of whom the father is, while the second recently had an abortion from an unwanted pregnancy.



Meanwhile, Christiana, who still engages in the act with her five-month pregnancy, has not been able to assess antenatal care. It was also observed that men flock in from all parts of Abuja, including Utako, Asokoro, Gwarinpa and the likes, to patronise these ladies. Running free HIV counselling and test for the women engaged in the illicit trade, the Wanda Adu foundation recorded 25 positive cases.



Most of the women and young girls hail from Benue State, but have found their way into the city with the aim of making a living for themselves.


Worried by the developing trend and committed towards changing the tale about Angwan Tivi, founder of the foundation, Wanda Ebe, has commenced a two weeks training and empowerment exercise for 62 girls and women, to equip them with necessary information and materials on chemical classes for liquid soap, Dettol and cream production.


Also, the training would cover bead making, teach the ladies how to tie head scarf(gele), as well as pedicure and manicure .


Ebe, who recently trained 20 women in Mpape, told Inside Abuja that the idea behind making the ladies learn and acquire vocational skills was to assist them become self sustained and to teach them to always believe in themselves by engaging in different types of business rather than relying on the men for their means of survival.



“It is more honourable to have a means of livelihood and grow a business than to rely on the government or individuals to meet their needs on a daily basis.




We are seeking for ways of empower- ing them and making them better individuals. This will give them an opportunity to choose from all the skills they learnt at the end of the training and be able to stand out on one particular skill.”


Committed to ensuring those free from HIV protect themselves from contracting sexually transmitted diseases and other forms of disease affecting females, Ebe took time, advising the ladies on preventive methods.



Taking a step further, sanitary pads, condoms, antiseptic and liquid soaps were distributed to the ladies. “It is very essential to use condom when engaging in sexual activity with your partner.


Do not hesitate or wait till tomorrow as you cannot detect disease with mere eyes. We have provided means of doing voluntary counseling and testing through AIDS healthcare foundation (AHF), which will give you follow up treatment after the diagnosis,” Ebe said.



She urged Nigerians not to judge women who indulge in sex trade from afar, saying that,”we should learn to show love to them and not chastise them, because we don’t know where they are coming from and what they have been through.



Most of these ladies happen to start this kind of life due to being single mothers ” Capitalising on the Valentine

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Post-recession: Savouring gains of diversification



With the recent economic recession over, the Federal Government has shifted focus to non-oil sector with emphasis on agriculture and solid minerals where lies huge economic potential. reports Abudlwahab Isa


Many are of the opinion that the last economic recession was self-inflicted, induced by over dependence on crude oil and absence of elaborate plan for diversification.
With the economy out of the woods due to rapid deployment of various policy instruments and miraculous rebound in crude oil price, there is a renewed push to escalate the huge potential in the non-oil sector of the economy with agriculture and solid minerals taking the lead.
Interestingly, the Federal Government, having seen the danger of relying predominantly on crude oil with all its unpredictable vagaries, initiated reforms in these alternative sectors for economic value addition.
Besides the steps taken to boost the agric sector and the gains derived therein so far, a major policy thrust put in place to enhance the sector’s potential is the Agriculture Promotion Policy 2016-2020 document otherwise known as “The Green Alternative,” which is the outcome of an intensive consultative process starting in November 2015 through April 2016 and involving multiple stakeholders.
From farmer groups to investors to processors to lenders to civil servants to academics, many stakeholders provided detailed input, commentary, and support.
While commenting on the initiative, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development expressed gratitude for the resources, energy and intellect put at the disposal of the ministry by parties too numerous to mention for their continued dedication and resolve to build a next generation agribusiness economy in Nigeria.
“Building on the successes and lessons, the vision of the Buhari administration for agriculture is to work with key stakeholders to build an agribusiness economy capable of delivering sustained prosperity by meeting domestic food security goals, generating exports, and supporting sustainable income and job growth.
“Therefore in 2016 to 2020, Nigeria’s policy now needs to be readjusted to solve the aforementioned challenges. The go forward federal priorities (in partnership with state governments) will be the following four: food security; import substitution; job creation; and economic diversification,” FMARD noted.

Solid minerals
On the other hand, is the sold minerals sector with large deposits of about 44 minerals located in different parts of the country.
These include glass sand, limestone, salt, shale, ball clay, galena, granite, marble, laterite, bentonite, phosphate, kaolin, pyrite, feldspar, lignite, gypsum, sphalerite, clay to mention just a few.
Sadly, these minerals were long abandoned in preference for crude oil until recently when concerted efforts are being made to give them priority attention.
Going by the current economic blueprint, the Economic Recovery and Growth Plan, the Federal Government envisages to grow the solid mineral sector’s Gross Domestic Products (GDP) to N141 billion at an average annual growth of 8.54 per cent between (2017- 2020) from the N103 billion in 2015.

Streaming revenue profile
The revenue stream from solid mineral sector is still low compared to earnings from crude oil. However, it is steadily improving on the strength of reforms and overhaul of the sector. Unlike previous dispensations when solid minerals paid no dime to the federation account, it is a different ball game today.
For instance, the sector remitted about N14. 6 billion in to the federation account in the last eight years.
A breakdown of the remittances to showed that in 2009, solid minerals revenue paid to the federation account was N931.7 million, N1.2 billion in 2010; it increased to N 1.3 billion in 2011 and N1.8 billion in 2012.
Similarly, the sector’s remittance stood at N 2.037 billion in 2013, N2.3 billion in 2014, N2.085 billion in 2015 and N2.8 billion in 2016.
As recent as last December 2017, revenue performance report of the Ministry of Mines and Steel Development (MMSD) showed that the sum of N413 million was collected and paid to the federation account, an amount higher than November figure of N397.4 million.
The December figure was higher than the ministry’s monthly target of N262.22 billion by N150.77 billion indicating an increase of 57.50 per cent. Outstanding balance in the revenue account as of December 2017 stood at N8.5 billion.
Commenting on the huge potential of solid mineral sector at a recent interview with New Telegraph, Acting Chairman, RMAFC, Alhaji Shettima Umar Abba Gana, said the commission’s effort to achieve resource diversification was paying off.
Abba Gana confirmed that as applicable to oil producing states, 13 per cent derivation was currently being paid to states whose solid minerals revenue is paid into federation account.
“The result has been very positive. The reason we took that line was simply because depending on only one source, oil, for revenue has opened Nigeria to vicissitude of oil price fluctuations. If we are going to diversify, the revenue commission has identified two veritable sources of income. The solid minerals and agriculture.
“Apart from their high potential in Nigeria, the two sectors are conveniently available in every state and every local government in equal proportion. That means unlike oil, which is located in five or about six states, there is presence of solid minerals everywhere. Every local government and state will benefit from derivation fund. The commission for the first time about two years ago worked out the 13 per cent derivation of solid minerals.
“About N15 billion was collected as taxes and royalties from solid minerals and included in the sharing formula as applicable to the 13 per cent of oil revenue. We wanted the states to see the benefits of allowing solid minerals to be developed because they will also earn 13 per cent of whatever revenue that comes out of solid minerals so developed. That was the main reason why we pursued the diversification of revenue across states and local governments.”

Blocking revenue leakages
To ensure maximum revenue is raked in by the Federal Government from the sector, government is leaving no stone unturned in blocking leakages.
It has therefore engaged the services of about 100 revenue consultants to work on areas of leakages in revenue accruing from the mining sector, with a view to shoring up earnings.
The consultants to be deployed to the six geo-political zones of the country in the coming week are to examine financial and production records of companies involved in mining activities in the last six years in order to determine whether appropriate royalties were remitted to government.
Minister of Mines and Steel Development, Dr Kayode Fayemi, disclosed the new step recently during the opening of a three-day induction and training for the revenue consultants in Abuja.
He said the main target of the ministry was to ensure that the Federation Account gets its fair due in royalties and taxes.
“Our expectation of this project is that the ministry would emerge as a lead revenue agency for the Federal Government of Nigeria in line with the growth projections of the Economic Recovery and Growth Plan (ERGP), which recognises the mining sector as one of Nigeria’s most promising growth sectors and acknowledges that its contribution to GDP doubled from N52 billion in 2010 to N103 billion in 2015.
“The ERGP further projects that revenue from the mining sector would grow from N103 billion (2015) to N141 billion (2020) at an average annual growth rate of 8.54 per cent (2017-2020)”
Dr Fayemi said he was optimistic that the ministry would surpass these targets, as all stakeholders work collaboratively to ensure the success of the R.O.V. Project, resulting in improved levels of voluntary compliance of operators.
The minister admitted that leakages in government revenue was a big challenge in the mining sector, a development, which, he said, the ministry was determined to redress with the ROV Project, following its approval by the National Economic Council (NEC).

The biggest headache troubling the mining sector, however, remains the activities of illegal miners. While their activities pre-date the current administration, the minister in conjunction with other stakeholders have mapped out plans to get rid of them. Quite a number of culprits, who were nabbed, are currently facing prosecution.

Last line
There is a refreshing confidence that given the level of reforms in both agric and solid minerals sectors to ensure their economic viability and make it attractive to genuine investors, both have the potential of becoming Nigeria’s next cash cow and capable of replacing crude oil.

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