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New sex disease, MG, may be superbug

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New sex disease, MG, may be superbug

Scientists have raised the alarm over a little known sexually transmitted infection (STI),Mycoplasma Genitalium (MG), saying it could become the next superbug. Superbug “is a term used to describe strains of bacteria that are resistant to the majority of antibiotics commonly used today.” Based on the scare, the British Association of Sexual Health and HIV (BASHH), has advised people to be more vigilant. While launching a Guideline over measures to contain the infection, a Sexual Health Consultant in Bristol, Dr. Peter Greenhouse and member of BASHH warned that MG could be missed, but recommend that patients with symptoms should be correctly diagnosed using an accurate MG test, treated correctly and then followed up to make sure they were cured.

However, he noted that resources were urgently needed to ensure that diagnostic and antimicrobial resistance testing were available for women with the condition that were at high risk of infertility. Besides, BASHH said if the infection was not treated correctly, it could develop resistance to antibiotics. MG can be contracted by having unprotected sex with someone who has it, but condoms can prevent its spread.

MG is a bacterium that can cause inflammation of the urethra in men, and inflammation of the reproductive organs (womb and fallopian tubes) in women, causing pain and possibly a fever and some bleeding. The few symptoms of the infection are similar to chlamydia, an STI that is found in infected semen and vaginal fluids, but MG is more resistant to treatment. MG often has no symptoms but can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which can leave some women infertile. In a previous related experience, the World Health Organisation (WHO) warned about the emergence of a dangerous type of gonorrhoea resistant to antibiotics. Thereafter, a group of British doctors also announced the detection of the “worst case” of gonorrhoea ever reported.

They have been unable to cure it with first-choice antibiotics. In the case of MG, although symptoms were rare, they could include a burning sensation when urinating and pain or bleeding during and after sex. In men, the symptoms include watery discharge from the penis. First identified in the 1980s, MG is difficult to diagnose and it is currently estimated to affect one in a 100 people.

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