The World Health Organisation, WHO, has alerted that tobacco smoking costs the global economy more than $1 trillion a year, and will kill one third more people by 2030 than it does now. These are the findings of a new study published in ‘The economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control.
According to the study by the WHO and the U.S. National Cancer Institute, currently, around six million people die annually as a result of tobacco use, with most living in lowand middle-income countries, LMICs.
The ‘newsmaxHealth’ reported that the $1 trillion a year loss to global economy from smoking far outweighs global revenues from tobacco taxes, which the WHO estimated at about $269 billion in 2013- 2014.
“The number of tobacco- related deaths is projected to increase from about six million deaths annually to about eight million annually by 2030, with more than 80 per cent of these occurring in low- and middle-income countries LMICs” the study said.
Smoking is a practice in which a substance is burned and the resulting smoke breathed in to be tasted and absorbed into the bloodstream.
Most commonly the substance is the dried leaves of the tobacco plant which have been rolled into a small square of rice paper to create a small, round cylinder called a “cigarette”. According to the American Lung Association, there are approximately 600 ingredients in cigarettes. When burned, they create more than 7,000 chemicals.
At least, 69 of these chemicals are known to cause cancer, and many are poisonous. Although, smoking prevalence was falling among the global population, the total number of smokers worldwide is rising, it said. Health experts said tobacco use is the single biggest preventable cause of death globally.
“It is responsible for… likely over $1 trillion in health care costs and lost productivity each year,” said the study, peer-reviewed by more than 70 scientific experts.